A would enable france to urge total war against its

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a.Would enable France to urge total war against its external enemies. b.Gov’t decreed maximum allowable prices, fixed in paper assignats, for key products. c.Price of bread fixed at levels poor could afford. d.Rationing introduced to make sure bread was shared fairly. e.Gov’t nationalized many small workshops and requisitioned raw materials and grain from peasants. f.Arms and munitions produced for war effort. g.In effect, it was an early version of socialism. 5.Slavery abolished in the French colonies (Santo Domingo and Haiti)6.Military victory a.Lazare Carnotreorganized the French army. Lévee en masse: the entire nation conscripted into service as war was defined as a national mission. Size of army grew to 1 million men; unprecedented in history of European warfare. b.By July 1794, Austrian Netherlands and the Rhineland were once again controlled by France. c.The First Coalition was falling apart. d.The planned economy made mobilization effective. e.Nationalism became a strong force uniting French people. f.Victories led to relaxation of emergency controls but the Reign of Terror extended. 7.Reign of Terror(1793-94) a.Most notorious event of the French Revolution. b.Law of Suspects: Alleged enemies of the revolution were brought before Revolutionary Tribunals that were created to hear cases of treason Instituted as an alternative to the lynch law of the September massacres. c.Louis XVI convicted of treason and executed on January 21, 1793.d.Queen Marie Antoinette executed later in the year.
HistorySage.com AP Euro Lecture Notes Page 19 Unit 5.1: French Revolution © 2008 HistorySage.com All Rights Reserved e.About 40,000 people throughout France executed or died in prison; many by the guillotine. f.Executions became a spectator sport. g.The terror became a political weapon; not directed at any class in particular. 8% were nobles 14% bourgeoisie (mainly from rebellious southern cities) 6% clergy 70% peasant and laboring classes. Most deaths occurred in places in open revolt against the Convention, such as the Vendéein western France. Another 300,000 imprisoned h.Eventually, no one could feel safe from Robespierre’s reign of terror as leading Jacobins who opposed Robespierre were eventually executed Girondists executed in September of 1793 (including Charlotte Cordaywho assassinated Marat) Jacques Hébert, radical social democrat who led the “angry men”—Hébertisteswere his followers. oHébertistes were a party of extreme terror oMost of its leaders were executed in March 1794. oHad been responsible for deaths of 2,000 people at Nantes where they were loaded on barges and deliberately drowned. oParis Commune was thus destroyed.Dantonand his followers were executed in April, 1794

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