Diverse regulatory agencies coalitions social

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Diverse regulatory agencies, coalitions, social movements and actors struggle to o Influence the distribution of goods within the city o Reshape the institutional frameworks through which urbanization is managed Deep Ecology - Does urbanisation reduce the impact of humans upon nature? - Distance them from it? - Creating a fundamentally and pathologically destructive distance between humans and nature - N.B deep ecology rooted the problems of humankinds relationship with nature back to early urbanisation
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- “the fundamental worldview of industrial society is that Earth is like a gravel pit or a lumberyard just a resource for human use” - “We live disconnected from the evolving earth community” - but the deepest allurement is a rich, intimate participation in nature and the ongoing adventure of the universe - Can such an intimate relationship with nature be had under urbanisation? Keeping the Wild - The painful reality of ‘matric planet” is that is will be chock full of industrial agriculture farms industrial fish-farm operation; industrial energy landscapes; theme parks; highway systems, roads and parking lots; billions of cars; sprawling cities and suburban settlements; malls; landfills; airports - Leading to “biodiversity loss, pollution and a species supremacism that is impoverishing the planet” Deep Ecology against the Anthropocene - Expanding parks - Reducing human numbers - Moderating consumption - Preserving all the wild nature we can = a superior alternative to embracing the Anthropocene era LECTURE 11 – Environmental Politics Deep Ecology - Search for a unified vision beyond o Consumerism o Industrial capitalism o The destruction of nature - Asks why Western civilization is predicated upon Anthropocentrism o Prioritising humans and their need above all else Both in terms of the way societies are organised Their belied systems and individual psychologies Gary Snyder – leading deep ecologist - “if many is to remain on earth, he must transform the five-millennial-long urbanizing civilization tradition into a new ecologically-sensitive harmony-oriented wild-minded scientific-spiritual culture” - To achieve the changes we must change the very foundations of our society and our minds o Economics must be seen as a small sub-branch of ecology - What we envision is a planet on which the human population lives harmoniously and dynamically o By employing various sophisticated and unobtrusive technologies in a world environment which is ‘left natural’ The Ethics of Deep Ecology - Political ecology – focuses on inequalities between social groups
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o Anthropogenic (human) inequalities - Deep ecology ‘deepens’ this perspective o By recognising diverse communities of life on Earth The valuing of other beings as more than just resources o An ethical position that values the wellbeing of other lifeforms Deep Ecology - Challenges core anthropocentric assumption that only humans can be considered ends in themselves - Therefore fundamentally challenges the idea of development - Two primary reasons o
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