The wicked priest in the dead sea scrolls as wicked

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Chapter 12 / Exercise 01
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Rathus
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the “wicked priest” in the Dead Sea Scrolls as “wicked” not because of bloodline but rather because the high priest married a woman who had been a prisoner. (Schofield,A. and Vanderkam, James. “Were the Hasmoneans Zadokites,”J.B.L.124/1 (2005) 73–87 ) ] The Community of Qumran rejected the Temple and this would have been more radical than what we can deduce about Jesus. For our purposes the Community of Qumran lived near the Dead Sea and was a Jewish separatist group intent on religious purity. The Essenes mentioned by Josephus was also a group of Jews who were separated from ordinary Jewish life and also intent upon living purely. Neither the terms “Qumran” nor “Essenes” occurs in the New Testament. Both can be distinguished from Jesus who lived among ordinary people including tax collectors and sinners rather than separately. Where Qumran documents affirm hatred of enemies(“sons of darkness”); Jesus with teaching about love of enemies is less exclusionary. (see Meier vol.3 p.529; aside from his brilliant work, Meier unfortunately sees Qumran as a “subgroup” of the Essenes(p.492) and accepts thenow doubtful if not disproven positions of 2 messiahs and non-zadokite priesthood as triggering the foundation of Qumran.See Hurst,L.D. “Did Qumran Expect Two Messiahs?” Bulletin for Biblical Research9 (1999) 157-180 ) 4. Zealots32
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NTNotesImperatoThe Zealots believed that Israel’s problems were a result of Roman occupation. With the elimination of the Roman rule, then God’s rule would be established. They were revolutionaries willing to die for their freedom, and some were guerillas. Josephus was a Jewish collaborator with Rome. He believed Roman rule expressed God’s rule: “. . . hearken to me, that you may be informed how you fight not only against the Romans, but against God himself.” (Josephus Jewish WarsBook 5.9.4,). This means Josephus would have been opposed to the Jewish opponents of the Romans: the Zealots. Below you may read what Josephus writes about this fourth group and their “fourth philosophy”:Ch. 1 NOW Cyrenius, a Roman senator, and one who had gone through other magistracies, and had passed through them till he had been consul, and one who, on other accounts, was of great dignity, came at this time into Syria, with a few others, being sent by Caesar to be a judge of that nation, and to take an account of their substance. Coponius also, a man of the equestrian order, was sent together with him, to have the supreme power over the Jews. Moreover, Cyrenius came himself into Judea, which was now added to the province of Syria, to take an account of their substance, and to dispose of Archelaus's money; but the Jews, although at the beginning they took the report of a taxation heinously, yet did they leave off any further opposition to it, by the persuasion of Joazar, who was the son of Beethus, and high priest; so they, being over-persuaded by Joazar's words, gave

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