Chapter 1 PowerPoint1.pptx

Legislature where governments make or legislate laws

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Legislature Where governments make or ‘legislate’ laws Is usually comprised of one house known as a unicameral legislature or two houses known as bicameral legislature The size of legislature is usually related to the population of the state—small states have small legislatures, large states have large ones
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Types of Political Systems Judiciary Makes rulings in disputes between different parties Usually organized into different levels with a version of a ‘supreme’ court being the final court of appeal Two main functions: adjudicate disputes and interpret existing laws, rights and civil liberties and in the process, make new ones
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Electoral Systems Proportional Representation Most widespread democratic method of electing politicians The percentage of legislative seats awarded to each party is directly proportional to the percentage of the popular vote received during the election —10 percent=10 seats, 50 percent= 50 seats
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Types of Political Systems Single Member Plurality Also known as “first-past-the-post” A party receives one seat for each electoral riding/district it wins Party that wins the most ridings wins the election To win, a candidate needs more votes than any other running in the riding The winners does NOT need 50 percent or more votes to win the riding This system heavily penalizes the losers and heavily rewards the winners
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