Social Psch objectives- CH 1

10 identify the two basic motives that underlie the

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10. Identify the two basic motives that underlie the origins of people’s  construals. Describe what happens when the two basic human  motives conflict. The need to feel good about ourselves (maintain high self-esteem)  and the need to be accurate. When these motives conflict, in order to perceive the world  accurately it requires we face up to the fact we have behaved  foolishly or immorally. 11. Identify the approaches associated with the two basic human motives.  Describe the assumptions of each approach. Self-esteem approach- human beings are motivated to maintain a positive picture of themselves (putting a slightly different spin on existing facts to put themselves in the best possible light) by justifying their past behavior or preferring people and things for whom they have suffered to people and things they associate with pleasure because they don’t want to be perceived as foolish for enduring such hardships
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Social cognition approach- Assumes that all people try to view the world as accurately as possible in terms of how people think about themselves and the social world (how people select, interpret, remember, and use social information to make judgments and decisions.) 12. Identify the factors that interfere with our attempts to be accurate. Making generalizations about a person or situation Our expectations about the social world 13. Identify other motives that influence the formation of people’s  construals. Biological drives such as hunger and thirst Love, fear, promise of love or rewards The need for control 14. Identify some social problems that social psychologists research and  attempt to remedy. Reducing violence and prejudice, increasing altruism and tolerance Conservation of natural resources Reducing high school drop out rates
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