Appear to not desire or enjoy social relationships

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Appear to not desire or enjoy social relationships and usually have no close friends - Appear dull, bland and aloof and have no warm feelings for others - Rarely report strong emotions, no interest in sex, few pleasurable activities - Indifferent to praise or criticism Schizotypal personality disorder - Interpersonal difficulties of the schizoid personality - Excessive social anxiety that does not decrease - Cognitive limitations - Odd beliefs, recurrent illusions - May talk to themselves 13.4 Personality Disorder Clusters: Dramatic/ Erratic Cluster - Clients with wide variety of symptoms ranging from variable behaviour to inflated self- esteem, exaggerated emotional displays and anti-social behaviour
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- Borderline personality disorder - Impulsivity and instability in relationships, mood and self-image - Attitudes and feelings towards others may vary over short periods of time - Emotions are erratic and can shift abruptly - Irritable - Sarcastic - Quick to take offence - Hard to live with - Instability of personality traits over years - Women with BPD have smaller social networks but more variability - Networks characterized by less satisfaction and support and more conflict and criticism with partners - Greater interpersonal stress among women with BPD - Unpredictable and impulsive behaviour includes gambling, spending and eating sprees - potentially self - damaging - People often do not develop a clear sense of self and remain uncertain about their values, loyalties and career choices - Cannot be alone, demand attention and fear abandonment - Subject to depression and feelings of emptiness - Often attempt suicide or engage in self harm - 1 in 10 people with BPD commit suicide - Most are female and occur after multiple attempts - Borderline between schizophrenia and neurosis (concept no longer holds in DSM) - Begins in early adulthood - More likely to be women and have a mood disorder - Comorbid with substance abuse, PTSD and eating disorders - Etiology of BPD is still unknown - Object- relations theory - Important variant of psychoanalytic theory that is concerned with the way children incorporate values and images of important people - Hypothesize that people react to their world through perspectives of people from their past - Biological factors - Runs in families suggesting a genetic component - Suggestion of poor functioning of frontal lobes - May play a role in impulsive behaviour - Diathesis- stress theory - BPD develops when people with a biological diathesis for having difficulty controlling emotions are raised in a family environment that is invalidating - Emotional dysregulation can interact with experiences that invalidate the developing child - leads to BPD
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- Histrionic personality disorder - People who are overly dramatic and attention- seeking - Uses physical appearance to draw attention - Emotionally shallow and self- centred - Can be inappropriately sexually provocative and seductive - Narcissistic personality disorder - Individuals have an extravagant view of themselves and their own uniqueness and abilities - Very self- centred -
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  • Spring '14
  • KathyFoxa
  • Schizophrenia, Borderline personality disorder, Antisocial personality disorder, Avoidant personality disorder

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