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2.The fire is made when the victim is usually some distance away from the assailant 3.Signs of struggle/ defense wound maybe present in the victim.
4.There maybe disturbance of the surrounding on the account of the previous struggle.5.Wounding firearm is usually not found at the scene of the crime 6.Testimony of the witnessesDEATH BY HANGING AND STRANGULATIONDetermination whether hanging is suicidal, homicidal, or accidental1.Hanging – is a state of injury or death of the body whereby the ligature tightened around theneck by the suspension of the body.A.Suicidal Hanging– in death by hanging, it is usually suicidal unless proven otherwise.Some evidence to prove are the following:1.Accessible materials used for ligature like rope, rolled beddings, or wires.2.Identification of the fibers from the rope in the hands of the victim. 3.Evidence of movement of the rope on the beam or anchorage from upward anddownward as the body has been suspended.B.Homicidal Hanging 1.Presence of defense wound in the body of the victim.2.Presence of blood stains and other injuries to the body of the victim.3.Presence of signs of struggle in the clothing, furniture, beddings, and others.4.Nature of the window, curtains, and doors.C.Accidental hangingis not common.2.Strangulation Strangulation by ligature is usually homicidal and is done by tying the ligature around theneck and the two ends pulled in the opposite direction in such a manner that tightens theligature. Ligature used may be rope, chain, wires, vines, rolled clothing. SUICIDESWays of Committing Suicide1.By cut-throat2.By puncturing the left breast3.By gunshot4.By hanging5.By drowning 6.By poisoningACCIDENTAL DEATHIs death which occurs beyond the sway of ones will and although it comes about throughsome act of will, lies beyond the bounds of human forceable consequences.How Accidental Deaths Occur1.Examination of the body revealed marked tearing of the wearing apparel, burns ofdifferent degrees on the skin surface, wounds of almost any description and almost thewhole body is affected by the injury.2.History of a thunderstorm that took place in the area.3.Evidence of the effects of lighting are found in the vicinity, like damages to house, tress,etc.4.Metallic articles are fused or magnetized.5.Absence of wound or other injuries indicating suicidal or homicidal death.
6.Fusion of glass materials in the neighborhood on account of extreme heat.ELECTROCUTIONAccidental Electrocution1.Presence of high voltage wire at the scene of death.2.Body surface injuries as probably site of entrance and exit of electric current.3.Death develops suddenly as victim not able to get away from the place of electrocution.4.Absence of evidence to show suicidal or homicidal.ROBBERY INVESTIGATIONArticle 293 – Robbery in GeneralAny person who, with intent to gain, shall take any personal property belonging toanother by means of violence or intimidation of any person, or by using force upon anythingshall be guilty of robbery.