They lived under israeli military occupation

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they lived under Israeli military occupation -Standards of living had gone up and economic situation had been much better, but they still didn't have the same political rights as Israelis -Intifada: shaking off Israeli occupation oBroke out on December 1987: successful military attack on Israeli base and they killed 8 soldiers, great achievement for Palestinians, growing resentment in Palestinian world, and dissatisfaction with the PLO (believed to be corrupt,
leadership dispersed throughout the Middle East, and the situation in the territories was volatile) oincident in Gaza spread to West Bank and within days there was a civil uprising (wasn't nonviolent but the first intifada was NOT characterized by guns, there were strikes, protests, riots but no weapons) Israel did not know how to respond oIsrael first response military arrests oMinister of defense at the time said: “crack skulls and break bones” don't kill people but be tough oIntifada draws international attention to Palestinian issue Palestinians were living under Israeli control and they were not happy, everybody thought that the situation was quiet, but it was not-Intifada was a local Palestinian phenomenon not lead by leadership of Palestinians in PLO -Took about 5 years and took the political representative of Palestinians at least a year local committees were mysteriously and anonymously presenting flyers, which shopping areas closed, which roads blocked, and it took the PLO a long time to break the back of this local leadership oMany people arrested and expelled oWhen it was done, the intifada led to 1,150 Palestinians deaths 114 Israeli deathsoDeath toll on Palestinian higher because as the intifada continued it became a political war and Palestinians killed other Palestinians who were “helping” Israel-Intifada was something that they were very proud of but very divisive -King Hussein of Jordan makes a dramatic decision:oJordan turns around and abandons the West Bank (“West Bank belongs to the Palestinians”) oHope of the Israeli peace movement dies and there is no Jordanian auction anymore, deal with Palestinians not King Hussein -For Palestinians this is important because 20,000 Palestinians in west bank lost Jordaniansalaries -Jordan maintained claims in the administration of the Muslim and Christian holy sites of Jerusalem -Leadership of the PLO makes a dramatic change in the political program of the Palestinian national movement oArafat was not consistent but gradually becomes clear that the moderates within the PLO were able to put forward a more moderate program that would attract the support of the Palestinian national movement oCollapse of the USSR leads Arafat to change his policy because they lose the support of the Soviet Union -With the collapse of the Soviet Union (1989-1991) the demands of soviet Jews to leave the Soviet Union to go and live in Israel, becomes a realistic demand and there are floodgates of Jewish emigration from Russia to Israel and thousands of Russian Jews

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