Powhatan Confederacy – An alliance of several powerful Algonquian tribes under leadership of Chief Powhatan, organized into thirty chiefdoms along much of the Atlantic coast in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries Proprietary Colony – a colony owned by an individual, not a joint-stock company Providence - the guardianship and care provided by a deity or god. Puritans – English religious dissenters who sought to “purify” the Church of England of its Catholic practices Religious Society of Friends – otherwise known as Quakers, a group of Christians who use no scripture and believe in great simplicity in daily life and in worship. Their services consist mainly of silent meditation Restoration of the Monarchy - took place in 1660 when King Charles II returned to England after the Interregnum, which started after the end of the Second English Civil War, with the execution of his father, Charles I on 30 January 1649 Reverend Thomas Hooker - a prominent Puritan colonial leader, who founded the Colony of Connecticut after dissenting with Puritan leaders in Massachusetts. He was known as an outstanding speaker and an advocate of universal Christian suffrage. Rhode Island - Roger Williams founded the colony in 1636. He guaranteed religious and political freedom. Religious refugees from the Massachusetts Bay Colony settled in Rhode Island Rice agriculture – grown in South Carolina because it was wet, also slaves knew how to grow rice Roger Williams - a Puritan minister, theologian, and author who founded Providence Plantations, which became the Colony of Rhode Island. He was a staunch advocate for religious freedom, separation of church and state, and fair dealings with American Indians, and he was one of the first abolitionists. Royal colony - a colony governed directly by the crown through a governor and council appointed by it Sassacus - Sassacus was born near present-day Groton, Connecticut. He was a Pequot sachem, and he became grand sachem after sachem Tatobem was killed in 1632. The Mohegans led by sachem Uncas rebelled against domination by the Pequots. Separatists – those that thought the Church of England should not be fixed, but abandoned (also called non-conformists), eventually became known as pilgrims Sir Ferdinando Gorges - a naval and military commander and governor of the important port of Plymouth in England. He was involved in Essex's Rebellion against the Queen, but escaped punishment by testifying against the main conspirators. Sir George Calvert – (Lord Baltimore) gained land from King Charles I to establish Maryland – 12 million acres Sir George Carteret - a royalist statesman in Jersey and England, who served in the Clarendon Ministry as Treasurer of the Navy. He was also one of the original Lords Proprietor of the former British colony of Carolina and New Jersey Slave auction - a place where slaves are bought and sold.
- Fall '17
- Cliff Tyndall