Policing during the professional policing era focused primarily on reactive

Policing during the professional policing era focused

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enforced the law with minimal autonomy or discretion. Policing during the professional policing era focused primarily on reactive policing concepts. Patrols were conducted to deter criminality through heightened visibility. Additionally, the professional policing era resulted in less political involvement and less community association in attempts to deter police corruption (Gau, 2018). The problem-solving or community-oriented policing era was instituted during the 1970s and 1980s and is still a stronghold for the policing models and methods of the twenty-first century. Throughout the problem-solving policing era engaging with the citizenry and taking actions to address the needs of the public has become a priority. Policing during the problem-solving policing era has transitioned to a greater focus being placed on the integration of proactive policing concepts and intelligence-led policing initiatives. The intelligence-led policing initiatives (Gau, 2018).
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It is an opinion that the progression and evolution of the policing eras, in correlation with the presenting advancements, have occurred as the direct result of practical experience. Experience provides real-world empirical evidence as to which policing models or concepts provided the greatest benefits to society. It is an opinion that the policing eras have directly impacted and had the greatest influence on the development and implementation of the policing methods having the greatest potential for success based on the evaluation and assessment of the varying strategies over the span of time that has incorporated the political, professional, and problem-solving eras (Gau, 2018). Refere nce: Gau, J. M. (2018). Criminal justice policy: Origins and effectiveness . New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
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