One survivor and he escapes to Al Andalus Abbasid dynasty assumes power in 750

One survivor and he escapes to al andalus abbasid

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- One survivor and he escapes to Al-Andalus. Abbasid dynasty assumes power in 750, builds capital in Baghdad Scion of Ummayad dynasty escapes to Al-Andalus, reigns there
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*** Similarities and differences in these empires in rome Why were conquests so successful? Internal Factors Islam provides a potentially unifying ideology - can bring together Arabic tribes - Provides people with structure and answer on how to live their lives. Alternative to conquest - civil war and disunity - We are not Success begets success - new converts join the movement (e.g. Berber tribes, North Africa) - language , new tribes and civilizations - Ex across North Africa- Berbers of North Africa- not christian or jewish, but they join on islam because they see it as a way to expand their political power. Role of trade - trading sphere can expand within shared Islamic culture, expanding economic activity. Integrating Christians and Jews into economic activity through trade. - Many christians speak arabic to be able to trade and communicate. - Can reward followers as you expand and conquest. - Taking over administrations at the highest level. Why were conquests so successful? External factors Conquered Mediterranean land only weakly held by Roman Empire. Ordinary people in these territories not big fans of Byzantine Emperors. - They're holding land weakly, and people in these territories don't like the byzantine empire. Christian that are not eastern orthodox, in north africa. Not forcibly converting people - can go on living your life, with protection. To the east: Once Persians defeated, Arabs have captured major agricultural lands in Mesopotamia. Without these resources, difficult to regain land February 20th, 2018 Lecture 11 Ibn Fadlan’s World? - Relic coin picture- comes from 950 CE. Coin that was minted by Princess of Olga of Kiev→ Princess of the Rus / Vikings in what is now Russia. Ancestors of modern day russian people. - Christian Symbolisms. - Others have read the bird as a falcon, or possibly a dove - Falcon would have been a symbol of the goddess Freyja (Norse Goddess) - Possibly made as a gift? - Showing influence of kaliphate from Baghdad
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- Modeled after a coin called Dirham, minting a lot of coins and circulating across Europe. Found across Europe. - Coin was eventually used as a pendant. Islamic Golden Age Harun al-Rashid, Abbasid Caliph (died 809 CE) - 120-150 years before iban fadlan - He oversees cultures - 1001 Arabian Nights Establishes Bayt al-Hikma (House of Wisdom) - Research institute where scholars who spoke different languages would translate texts and pursue research questions. - All translating and working through greek texts - Ptolemy- would be an example of some of the work they are translating Baghdad is the center of transcontinental trade linking Europe and China - Islamic silver and coinage forms foundations for trade.
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