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"Women and girls are not just killed, they are raped, sexually attacked, mutilated and humiliated. Custom,culture and religion have built an image of women as bearing the 'honour' of their communities.Disparaging a woman's sexuality and destroying her physical integrity have become a means by whichto terrorize, demean and 'defeat' entire communities, as well as to punish, intimidate and humiliatewomen," according to Irene Khan of Amnesty International. Sexual violence as a tool of war has left hundreds of thousands of women raped, brutalized, impregnated and infected withHIV/AIDS. And hundreds of thousands of women are trafficked annually for forced labor and sexual slavery. Much of thistrafficking is to service western troops in brothels near military bases. Even women serving in the military are subjected tosexual violence. U.S. servicewomen have reported hundreds of assaults in military academies and while serving on activeduty. The perpetrators of these assaults have rarely been prosecuted or punished. The impact of war on children is also profound. In the last decade, two million of our children have beenkilled in wars and conflicts. 4.5 million children have been disabledand 12 million have been left homeless.Today there are 300,000 child soldiers, including many girlswho are forced to 'service' the troops. War restricts women’s freedom and suppresses their basic human rightsAbeyesekera, director of a humans rights organization, 03(Sunila Abeyesekera, director of Inform, a Sri Lankan human rights organization 02-03)At the same time, wars and conflicts have led to a host of negative consequences for unarmed womencivilians and dependent family members, children, the old and the infirm. Figures worldwide point to the fact that themajority of refugees and internally displaced persons are female. The erosion of democratic space that oftenaccompanies conflict and war also propel women into a more active role in political and social life. In moments when menand male-dominated traditional political and social formations, such as political parties and trade unions, are reluctant orunable to come forward in defense of human rights and democratic principles, groups of women have had the courage tostand up to the armed might of both state and non-state actors. War and conflict also push women into decision-makingpositions in their families and communities, in particular in the role of head of household.Most conflicts and wars emerge out of processes of identity formation in which competing identity groups and communitiesresort to violence to affirm their equal status in society. Given this dynamic, conflict and war situations result in theheightening of all forms of conservatism and extremism including religious fundamentalism, ultra-nationalism and ethnic and linguistic chauvinism. The hardening of identity-based roles ascribed to men