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treatments that may be used during EOL care. The physician should respect the patient’s beliefs before withholding or withdrawing treatment or inflicting hard by continuing medically futile treatments.Health care organizations must continuously work on developing and implementing guidelines and policies for end-of-life decision making to avoid ethical dilemmas. These organizations can provide support through ethics committees and employee assistance programs to address any ethical issues, increase patient satisfaction and avoid ethical crises (Karnik & Kanekar, 2016). ReferencesAdams J.A., Bailey D.E., Anderson R.A. & Docherty S.L. (2011) Nursing roles and strategies in end-of-life decision making in acute care: a systematic review of the literature. doi:
END-OF-LIFE DECISIONS710.1155/2011/527834. Retrieved from -gov.library.capella.edu/pmc/articles/PMC3184494/. Giovanni L. (2012). End-of-life care in the united states: current reality and future promise- a policy review. Article retrieved from . Hebert K., Moore H. & Rooney, J. (2011). The nurse advocate in end-of-life care. The Ochsner Journal, 11(4), 325–329. Retrieved from . Karnik S. & Kanekar A. (2016). Ethical issues surrounding end-of-life care: a narrative review. Healthcare (Basel), 4(2), 24. Retrieved from . Lewis K. (2013). How nurses can help ease patient transitions to end of life care. Nursing Older People, 25(8), 22-26. Retrieved from ?vid=1&sid=dcbb453d-9859-47f1-8e1b-a0c30d7e13a6%40sessionmgr4008. Morhaim D.K. & Pollack K.M. (2013). End-of-life care issues: a personal, economic, public policy, and public health crisis. American Journal of Public Health, 103(6), E8-E10. Retrieved from -origsite=summon&.Sabatino C.P. (2010). The evolution of health care advance planning law and policy. A Multidisciplinary Journal of Population Health and Health Policy, 88(2), 211-239. Retrieved from .
END-OF-LIFE DECISIONS8Waller A., Dodd N., Tattersall M.H., Nair B. & Sanson-Fisher R. (2017). Improving hospital-based end of life care processes and outcomes: a systematic review of research output, quality and effectiveness. BMC Palliative Care. Retrieved from .