Geology of petroleum.docx

Oil has been used for different purposes in the

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Oil has been used for different purposes in the ancient past. Its uses included the preservation of mummies, and to seal canoes and walls from water. It was until 1800s when Col. Edwin Drake used a cable tool to drill, drilling the first successful well through rock and produced crude oil in America. This contributed significantly to the birth new artifacts powered by oil derivatives, like the kerosene lamp. Few years later, the internal combustion engine was introduced to humanity driving us to the industrial revolution era. Petroleum geology is the application of geology, the study of rocks, to the investigation and manufacture of oil and gas. Geology itself is strongly based on chemistry, physics and biology, involving the application of essentially academic records. It is also known that most data from the past was subjective not precise. Exploration had advanced over the years as various geological techniques were developed.
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The exploitation of oil reserves is on a new level nowadays. Hydraulic fracking is the new process of extracting gas and oil form rocks which consist on drilling vertical wells and pumping pressurized water into rocks to release the gas. Fracking is been documented to contaminate water, pollute air and destroy habitats, which links to multiple illness including cancer. Other ways of acquiring oil from the deeps is the offshore drilling, which is the drilling of
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  • Spring '11
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