What is a social network? ●Ties ●Strength of Weak Ties What comprises a complex organization? What is a Bureaucracy? ○Ideal Type Bureaucracy
●Oligarchy ○A bureaucracy ruled by a few The six major characteristics of bureaucracy ●Separate levels, with assignments flowing downward and accountability flowing upward ●Division of labor ●Written rules ●Written communications and records ●Impersonality and replaceability Dysfunction of Bureaucracies ●A rule is a rule ○So bogged down by rules that they follow them even if they don't make sense ●Bureaucratic Alienation ○Workers begin to feel more like objects rather than people ●Resisting Alienation ○Workers ban together to give themselves the approval that they seek from bureaucratic alienation Understand the definition of Volunteerism (DIS section) ●The use or involvement of volunteer labor, especially in community services Social action, Affluence, Authenticity, Continuity and Rationality (DIS section) Chapter 7; Deviance, Crime & Social ControlSocial control, including; Informal social control (Informal sanctions) & Formal social control (formal sanctions) ●Social Control ○A group's formal and informal means of enforcing its norms ●Informal Sanctions ○Ridicule or ostracism can realign a straying individual towards norms ○Informal sanctions may include shame, ridicule, sarcasm, criticism, and disapproval ●Formal Sanctions
○A sanction that is officially recognized by an authority and enforced What are norms? Folkways, mores and taboos? ●Norms - expected behaviors ○Rules by which society guides the behavior of its members ■Proscriptive - what we “shouldn’t” do ■Prescriptive - what we “should” do ●Folkways ○in sociology, are norms for routine or casual interaction. This includes ideas about appropriate greetings and proper dress in different situations. In short, mores "distinguish the difference between right and wrong, while folkways (draw a line between right and rude) ○Refers to simply everyday norms based on customs, traditions, or etiqutte ●Mores ○A set of moral norms or customs derived from generally accepted practices.