Naturalism 63in which philosophy is competition

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Naturalism 63.In which philosophy is Competition discouraged; challenge yourself; compete against yourself Naturalism 64.In which philosophy is Discipline non-existent- child/person who disobeys will bring on own punishment Naturalism 65. In which philosophy is the mind the focus of a person's being Idealism 66.In the total scheme of the universe, people are more important than nature. Which philosophy is this? Idealism (opposing naturalism) 67.In which philosophy are Values permanent and do not need individuals to carry them forward? Idealism
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68.In which philosophy is the learning process self initiated bc they want control over the environment Idealism 69.In which philosophy do they strive for perfection Idealism 70.In which philosophy is the teacher the role model Idealism 71.What was the first system of exercise called? Where did this happen? Gymnastics- physical activity that was structured (used gymnastics as a term for PE); In Germany 72.Germany Lead the way of PE and schools later called _____________. What did it help them achieve? "Systems of exercise" helped them improve physical wellbeing 73.Johann Basedow- German educational innovator. Worked at the Philanthropinum - all boys school Physical education, manual labor, and study of nature Nature and his senses (sight, hearing, smelling.. etc) Guided by naturalism Set aside 3 hours for gymnastics, and 2 for manual labor 74.Who was hired by Basedow to teach his classes? What did he do and what was he referred to as? Johann Simon. He developed activities that were developmentally appropriate that were appropriate for a child not an adult. He was referred to as first modern PE teacher. 75.Johann GutsMuths writes two books called Gymnastics for the Young Games and Exercise for the Body and Spirit 76. Who was really responsible for legitimizing the profession of gymnastics? Gutsmuths b/c he was the first person to give PE authentication throughout books. First time people could learn about it other than by word of mouth. 77.Gutsmuths school was very special because it Had an indoor facility and valued swimming 78. Who was known has the father of gymnastics? What is his nickname? Friedrich Jahn The Turnvater- to restore spirits of Germans through gymnastics He also created outdoor gyms and used gym as a vehicle for pride 79.Who emphasized apparatus (balance beams, bars, pole vaulting, horse) while teaching gymnastics? Friedrich Jahn - the turnvater 80.Gymnastics as part of German culture led to what three things…
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School-based physical education (gymnastics) Books on gymnastics Gymnastics for a healthy society 81.A Turnplatz is a name for what and where was it first built? Gymnastics center 1st in Berlin in early 1800s 82.The gymnastic movement is known as Turnverein 83.Peoples gymnastics was known as Volksturnen 84.People who did gymnastics were known as Turners 85.What is the name of a person who fights in single combat?
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