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Results and Conclusions:The objectives for these experiments were to prepare soap through a saponification reaction, compare the soap produced with a soap made from a different oil, test the emulsifying properties of the soap, and observe the result of adding soap in hard or acidic water. The soap was also kept in a control test tube and its pH level was tested. . All of these objectives were fulfilled.The result from the saponification reaction was a soap made from corn oil. The soap had a gel/wax like substance and was compared to soap made from walnut oil. The substance from that soap was different in its texture. The walnut oil produced a soap that was more solidified yet still soft. There was more of a collected substance from the walnut oil opposed to the corn oil. When the emulsifying properties were tested, it was concluded that the mineral oil slightly dissolved in water making the soap made from corn oil a decent emulsifier. The results from testing the soap with CaCl2, MgCl2, FeCl3, and tap water were different with each compound. The soap reacted with the CaCl2 to give a white collected chunky substance. The soap reacted with the MgCl2, to give a more dispersed white chunk. The soap reacted with the FeCl3 to give a thick, nontransparent, orange color. Lastly, the soap reacted with the tap water to give off a white precipitate. The result of the pH level of the control test tube was a pH level of 10. All of these experiments had potential sources of error. First and for most, it cannot be certain that none of the test tubes contained slight contamination from the previous labs. Any traces of any compounds could have swayed the experiments inaccurately. Preparing the soap solution could have had a potential source of error. The amount of soap added to the solution was an estimation that could have possibly not been concentrated enough to fully react with the compounds in the test tubes.