■War on drugs, war on poverty, slavery, jim crow laws ○The powerful strive to keep their power Criminologists, Criminalists, Criminal Justice Professionals ●Criminologist:
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○Trained in the field of criminology (recall definition). ○Studies crime, criminals, and criminal behavior //advanced degrees ○Research is published in academic journals (see pg 11) ●Criminalist ○Specialist in the collection and examination of the physical evidence ○Forensic file, CSI etc. ●Criminal justice professionals ○Those who work day to day in (with) the criminal justice system ■Police, parole officers, etc ○There are many people involved in the criminal justice system Other relevant terms ●Social policy ○Government initiates, programs or plans intended to address problems in society. Different than laws. The ways in which gov agencies enforce laws. ●Criminality ○A behavioral predisposition that disproportionately favors criminal activity. Things that make someone more likely to behave in a criminal way. ●Criminogenic ○A system, situation or place that “causes” criminal behavior. Growing up in an impoverished neighborhood that may influence criminal behavior, single households, etc ●Criminal behavior ○Human behavior, both intentional and negligent, that violates criminal law Theoretical Criminology ●Theory - series of interrelated propositions that describe a relationship, describes, explains, predict the social world. Theories are never proven, all we can do is collect more evidence to support them ○General theory - attempt to explain all forms of criminal behavior ○Integrated theory - takes pieces of multiple theories to explain criminal behavior ●Applied research - based on scientific inquiry, carried out with practical application in mind. Trying to find a cause and a solution ●Pure research - research purely to advance knowledge Data-collection techniques ●Collecting your own data
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