Therapeutic goals goals can be extremely diverse some

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THERAPEUTIC GOALS Goals can be extremely diverse Some may include 1.) Restructuring the personality 2.) Finding meaning in life 3.) Developing trust in oneself 4.) Gaining more effective control of one’s life 5.) Becoming grounded in the present moment
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THERAPIST FUNCTION AND ROLE The therapist function and role depends on the client’s specific needs and circumstances Some questions a counselor may ask themselves: 1) What type of role will the therapist maintain ? 2) How directive and active will a counselor be? 3) Is there a basic role maintained or does it vary? 4) How does the counselor’s function change depending on the stage of the counseling process?
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CLIENT’S EXPERIENCE IN THERAPY Symptoms for clients in therapy Sense of emptiness, meaningless in life, routine ways of living and unsatisfying relationships. However, Most clients expect results quickly Therefore, Interventions should depend on client’s cultural, ethnic, and socioeconomic background
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RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THERAPIST AND CLIENT Where is the emphasis placed for effective outcomes? Personal relationship as the determinant for outcomes: existential, person-centered, Gestalt, Adlerian and post-modern views The effectiveness of techniques: rational emotive behavior, reality therapy, cognitive behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, and behavior therapy Relationships are influenced by genuineness and the ability to help the client o Be authentic with all clients o Be able to understand and respect the client.
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DRAWING ON TECHNIQUES FROM VARIOUS APPROACHES -Effective therapists incorporate a wide range of procedures in their therapy. -Regardless of the model you must decide what relationship style to adopt, what techniques, procedures, or intervention methods to use, when to use them and with which clients. - Understand client’s cultural backgrounds and how they could contribute to their perceptions of their problems. - Client’s responsiveness (or lack of it) to certain techniques is a critical barometer in judging the effectiveness of these methods. -Effective counseling involves proficiency in a combination of cognitive, affective, and behavioral techniques.
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EVALUATING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF COUNSELING AND THERAPY -Questions that arise if therapy is useful. Does therapy make a significant difference ? Are people substantially better after therapy than they were without it? Can therapy actually be harmful than helpful? -5,000 Individual studies and 500 meta-analyses have been conducted on the effectiveness of psychotherapy. (Prochaska and Norcross (2014) note that the controlled outcome research supports effectiveness in psychotherapy. -Research indicates a variety of treatment are equally effective when they are accepted by the client. -Techniques and approaches work when the client is ready for change.
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FEEDBACK-INFORMED TREATMENT -Feedback-Informed treatment (FIT)- is designed to evaluate and to improve the quality of effectiveness of counseling services.
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