THERAPEUTIC GOALS ● Goals can be extremely diverse ● Some may include ○ 1.) Restructuring the personality ○ 2.) Finding meaning in life ○ 3.) Developing trust in oneself ○ 4.) Gaining more effective control of one’s life ○ 5.) Becoming grounded in the present moment
THERAPIST FUNCTION AND ROLE ● The therapist function and role depends on the client’s specific needs and circumstances Some questions a counselor may ask themselves: 1) What type of role will the therapist maintain ? 2) How directive and active will a counselor be? 3) Is there a basic role maintained or does it vary? 4) How does the counselor’s function change depending on the stage of the counseling process?
CLIENT’S EXPERIENCE IN THERAPY ● Symptoms for clients in therapy ○ Sense of emptiness, meaningless in life, routine ways of living and unsatisfying relationships. However, ○ Most clients expect results quickly Therefore, ○ Interventions should depend on client’s cultural, ethnic, and socioeconomic background
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THERAPIST AND CLIENT ● Where is the emphasis placed for effective outcomes? Personal relationship as the determinant for outcomes: existential, person-centered, Gestalt, Adlerian and post-modern views ○ The effectiveness of techniques: rational emotive behavior, reality therapy, cognitive behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, and behavior therapy Relationships are influenced by genuineness and the ability to help the client o Be authentic with all clients o Be able to understand and respect the client.
DRAWING ON TECHNIQUES FROM VARIOUS APPROACHES -Effective therapists incorporate a wide range of procedures in their therapy. -Regardless of the model you must decide what relationship style to adopt, what techniques, procedures, or intervention methods to use, when to use them and with which clients. - Understand client’s cultural backgrounds and how they could contribute to their perceptions of their problems. - Client’s responsiveness (or lack of it) to certain techniques is a critical barometer in judging the effectiveness of these methods. -Effective counseling involves proficiency in a combination of cognitive, affective, and behavioral techniques.
EVALUATING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF COUNSELING AND THERAPY ● -Questions that arise if therapy is useful. Does therapy make a significant difference ? Are people substantially better after therapy than they were without it? Can therapy actually be harmful than helpful? ● -5,000 Individual studies and 500 meta-analyses have been conducted on the effectiveness of psychotherapy. ● (Prochaska and Norcross (2014) note that the controlled outcome research supports effectiveness in psychotherapy. ● -Research indicates a variety of treatment are equally effective when they are accepted by the client. ● -Techniques and approaches work when the client is ready for change.
FEEDBACK-INFORMED TREATMENT • -Feedback-Informed treatment (FIT)- is designed to evaluate and to improve the quality of effectiveness of counseling services.
- Fall '19
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Theory Review Chart.docx