As mentioned above the czech republic reverted to an

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As mentioned above, the Czech Republic reverted to an auction for the same assignment in 2001 because the beauty contest had failed; the choice of a sealed-bid auction was based on advice from consultants. Two operators bought UMTS licences in 2001, the third operator only expressed its interest to buy the licence in the future. The third operator bought that last licence in February 2005 after submitting a bid. In Denmark, where GSM spectrum had been assigned via beauty contests, it was a political decision to use an auction for UMTS; this was also the case in Estonia, where in 2004 the Parliament also opted for auctions for UMTS. As for GSM, Norway initially held a beauty contest in 2000 to ensure wide national coverage with UMTS licences, but in 2003 opted for auctions to assign two vacant licences in order to achieve the objectives of efficient use of spectrum, transparency, objectivity and proportionality. Switzerland ’s goals with the UMTS auction were to achieve transparency and efficiency, establish market values for the licences and promote competition and innovation. After a pre-selection to determine suitable candidates, via a multiple-round auction selection of the licensees took place by award to the highest bidder. The pre-selection aimed at checking whether the candidates were able to respect all the obligations of the telecommunications law, to make sure that they had the financial capabilities to pay the licence fee (bank guaranty) and to implement special obligations such as coverage, co-use of sites and national roaming obligations. Only candidates who fulfilled these conditions were allowed to participate in the auction. The United Kingdom ran auctions for UMTS for its open, non-discriminatory and transparent characteristics. For the UK, an auction places spectrum with those who value it most and who are therefore likely to develop it most effectively. This provides a fair opportunity for new entrants when competing alongside incumbents. Carefully designed and well run auctions, with well informed bidders, will achieve market prices. 4.3 FWA/WLL General remarks FWA/WLL spectrum has been assigned from 2000 up to now via auctions and/or beauty contests in fifteen out of the twenty responding administrations. Cyprus, Estonia and Turkey seem not to have assigned that part of the spectrum yet.
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ECC REPORT 65 Page 16 Instruments used for assignment of FWA/WLL spectrum: Five administrations ( Austria , Hungary, Netherlands, Switzerland, United Kingdom ) used auctions to assign FWA/WLL spectrum while eight ( Czech Republic, France , Germany, Ireland, Portugal, Poland, the Slovak Republic and Sweden ) used a beauty contest (Poland used a beauty contest that included a bid). Norway used a beauty contest and was planning an auction in 2004. Denmark first held a beauty contest and later an auction.
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