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11 sub saharan africa the most heavily affected in

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11 Sub Saharan Africa = the most heavily affected In 2009, 1.4 million died from AIDS and 1.9 million became infected Since the beginning of the epidemic, 15 million children have lost 1 or both parents to AIDS Expected that AIDS death toll will continue to rise. Social and economic impact of the AIDS epidemic will be tremendous “The AIDS epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa threatens to devastate whole communities, rolling back decades of developmental progress.” Global AIDS continued
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13 Lecture 14: Preventing HIV Transmission • Infectivity of body fluids • Safer sex practices • Health care workers • Circumcision • Microbicides • Education 5/23/2013
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14 Body Fluids with High Infectivity • Blood • Semen • Vaginal and Cervical secretions, including menstrual blood • Breast milk
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15 ----------------------------------------- AIDS Stage I Stage II Stages III and IV Stages of HIV Disease
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16 Time Course of HIV Antibody Response weeks
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17 Low Infectivity Body Fluids • Saliva • Tears • Urine • Perspiration/sweat • Feces
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18 Not Known to Transmit HIV • Touching an inanimate object • Social kissing • Eating at a restaurant • Swimming at a pool • Donating blood • Drinking at a water fountain • Mosquitoes
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19
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