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Some medications used in the treatment of alcohol abuse include Naltrexone, Acamprosate, and Disulfiram, along with those there are also certain medications that are already approved for other uses that have shown to be useful in the treatment of alcohol dependence (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 2014). Behavioral treatments, also known as alcohol counseling, involves working with a health professional to figure out and help to change the
ADDICTION PAPER – ALCOHOLISM 7behaviors that lead to the alcohol abuse in the first place. This form of treatment helps to developthe skills needed to stop drinking, help the user to build a strong social support system, set attainable goals, learn to cope with or avoid the possible triggers that may contribute to relapse (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 2014). Different types of behavioral treatment include cognitive-behavioral therapy, motivational enhancement therapy, interventions,and marital and/or family counseling. In addition to the afore mentioned treatment options there is also mutual support groups that have been proven effective in the treatment of alcohol abuse. This treatment option includes 12-step programs such as group meeting like Alcoholics Anonymous. Studies have shown that those that have attended support groups, such as Alcoholics Anonymous, were more likely to be abstinent and free of alcohol dependence symptoms than those that did not attend support group meetings, showing that for some attending support groups alone can serve as “an effective intervention for AUDS” (Kelly & Yeterian, n.d.). Ultimately, what is most important is that a treatment option is chosen and stuck with as receiving treatment can drastically improve chances of success. Conclusion Alcoholism has proven to be a prevalent issue and main concern in the United States. There are many preventative measures that can be taken, that are best when applied early in life, that can help to decrease the later issue of alcoholism. Beyond the preventative measures there are many treatment options that can be utilized by alcoholics. No matter the treatment option chosen treatment can ultimately help the individual to drastically reduce their drinking or to completely quit if followed through on and engaged in. In order to help reduce the prevalence of alcohol abuse in the United States preventative measure must be taken early in life as to avoid the negative consequences of alcohol abuse.
ADDICTION PAPER – ALCOHOLISM 8ReferencesCenter for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016). Fact sheets - Alcohol use and your health. Retrieved from Champion, K. E., Newton, N. C., Barrett, E. L., & Teesson, M. (2013). A systematic review of school‐based alcohol and other drug prevention programs facilitated by computers or the Internet. Drug and alcohol review, 32(2), 115-123.