Increased activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone sys-tem, resulting in expansion of extracellular fluid volume and increased systemic vascular resistance.Decreased vasodilation of the arterioles r/t dysfunction of vascular endothelium. Resistance to insulin action, which may be a common factor linking hypertension, type-2 diabetes, hypertriglyceridemia, obesity, and glucose intolerance. Hypertension(B&S- CH.31) (ATICH.36) (MSMIEpg. 309-314)MSMIE- BP measurements of more than140/90 on two or more clinical visits, throbbing occipital headaches upon awakening, drowsiness, confusion, visionproblems, nausea. B&S- facial flushing, dizziness, fainting, nocturia.Different stages (ATI):Prehypertension:systolic 120-159 mm Hg; diastolic 80-89mm Hg.Stage 1 Hypertension:Systolic 140-159 mmHg; diastolic 90-99 mmHg.Stage II Hypertension: Systolic ≥ 160 mmHg; diastolic ≥ 100 mmHg.Hypertensive Crisis:Systolic ≥ 240 mmHg; Diastolic ≥ 120 mmHgDeficient knowledge regarding the relation be-tween the treatment regimen and control of the disease process.Noncompliance with therapeutic regimen r/t side effects of prescribed therapy.TreatmentMedicationsSigns/SymptomsNursing DiagnosisPathophysiology
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