ch08

Psychology in Action

  • Notes
  • 31
  • 100% (3) 3 out of 3 people found this document helpful

This preview shows page 6 - 9 out of 31 pages.

high IQs often including only the top 1 or 2%. Research Highlight: How Do We Explain Differences in IQ? - Research into the influences of biology and genetics on intelligence reveals the importance of brain size and efficiency. The results of the powerful Minnesota Study of Twins Reared Apart strongly emphasize the influences of heredity. Gender and Cultural Diversity: Are IQ Tests Culturally Biased? - IQ Test scores are influenced by both environment and heredity. The gender and cultural diversity section explores the controversial book--The Bell Curve by Hernstein and Murray. The problem of African-Americans and other minorities scoring lower than whites on IQ tests is discussed. Lowered school success for many children can be traced to lack of school readiness and language barriers. Programs such as Head Start combat these problems by providing early education for low-income children. Instructor’s Resource Guide Chapter  8  Page  245
Image of page 6

Subscribe to view the full document.

T eaching R esources SECTION I - THINKING Learning Objectives #’s 1 - 8 Lecture Lead-Ins # 1 Discussion Questions # 1 Active Learning Activities #’s 8.1-8.7 Brain-Based Learning #'s 8.1, 8.2 SECTION II - LANGUAGE Learning Objectives #’s 9-14 Lecture Lead-Ins #’s 2, 3 SECTION III - INTELLIGENCE Learning Objectives #’s 15-18 Lecture Lead-Ins # 4 Discussion Questions #’s 3, 4, 5 Active Learning Activities #’s 8.9 - 8.11 Brain-Based Learning #8.3 Critical Thinking Exercise # 8.1 Gender and Cultural Diversity Activity # 8.1 Writing Project #8.1 SECTION IV - THE INTELLIGENCE CONTROVERSY Learning Objectives #’s 19-21 Discussion Questions # 1 Active Learning Activities #’s 8.2, 8.8 Lecture Extenders # 8.1 Instructor’s Resource Guide Chapter  8  Page  246
Image of page 7
L ecture L ead- I ns 1. Students are often familiar with the problem of functional fixedness , the inability to see unusual uses for objects. To illustrate what might be called "functional flexibility," read the following edited version of a letter written to Dear Abby: Following the eruption of Mt. St. Helens in 1980, many automobile engines were stalled due to obstruction of the air filter by the fine volcanic ash. One ["functionally flexible"] motorist removed the clogged filter, covered the air intake with a pair of pantyhose and continued on. A highway patrolman stopped the driver asking how he could keep going when all other cars were stalled. He explained what he had done and how he shook the ashes from the pantyhose each time the engine stopped. The highway patrol quickly added pantyhose to all squad cars. Ask students for examples from their own lives of both functional fixedness and "functional flexibility." This usually generates a great deal of discussion and enthusiasm and provides a nice lead-in to the chapter. 2. In the Writing Project for Chapter 8, we mentioned that one of the advantages of learning technical terms ("academic jargon") was that it allowed chunking, which in turn facilitates storage and retrieval of memories. As a lead-in to this chapter, ask students if learning a second language might affect chunking or other processes involved in the storage and retrieval of memories? What effect might it have on the way we think and solve problems?
Image of page 8

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 9
You've reached the end of this preview.
  • '
  • NoProfessor
  • Intelligence quotient, Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, Watchmen

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern