However, the English took control of this territory in 1664. Tulips originated in China
12/20/2019 Printable View 3/63 Exploration and Conquest: Tutorial Conquests in Mesoamerica and South America 900 The Fall of the Maya The Maya were culturally and technologically advanced people who occupied Central America. Their civilization ﬂourished for centuries before ending mysteriously in AD 900. 1100 The Rise of the Inca The Inca started as a small tribe that settled in the Cuzco Valley in the Andes Mountains around AD 1100. During the next several hundred years, the Incas expanded to become the largest empire in the Americas. 1325 The Rise of the Aztec Around 1325, the Aztec people founded the city of Tenochtitlan, which is present-day Mexico City. Their success was largely due to their agricultural advances, including an intricate irrigation system. 1492 Columbus Reaches Hispaniola Italian explorer Christopher Columbus reached an island in the Caribbean Sea in 1492. He named the island Hispaniola and built the first European settlement. 1492 The Spanish Reconquista Completed Beginning in AD 718, Christian kingdoms of the Iberian Peninsula in southern Europe led a series of campaigns to reclaim the peninsula from the Muslim Moors. These campaigns, collectively called the Reconquista, ended with the capture of the Granada kingdom in 1492. 1519 Cortés Arrives in the Yucatán In 1519, Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés reached the Yucatán Peninsula, which is part of what is Mexico. He seized a number of territories from the Aztec people and claimed them for Spain. 1521 Cortés Conquers the Aztec In 1521, Cortés invaded and destroyed the Aztec capital, Tenochtitlan. He also captured the Aztec emperor, Moctezuma II. This event started the decline of the Aztec power. 1532 Pizarro Conquers the Inca In 1532, Francisco Pizarro conquered the Inca Empire. A civil war among the Inca helped Pizarro gain control of the empire.
12/20/2019 Printable View 4/63 Mesoamerican and South American Civilizations Three major civilizations lived in this region of the world: Maya Aztec Inca The Maya occupied parts of present day Yucatán, Guatemala, and Belize. The Aztec lived mostly in present-day Mexico. The Inca were the most geographically extensive. Their territory extended for about 3,000 miles across South America—from Ecuador to Chile. The Maya The Maya first settled parts of Yucatán around 1000 BC. This civilization peaked between AD 600 and 900. Advancements The Maya created a highly sophisticated hieroglyphic writing system. They also independently devised the concept of the number zero. Religion The Maya were polytheistic. They documented their beliefs in a remarkable book, the Popol Vuh.
- Spring '12