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Therefore, the purpose of acupuncture is to promote the flow of chi through those meridians to then in turn promote health (Webmd.com staff 2016).There has been plenty of research about the effectiveness of acupuncture for treating painnausea, and especially important to our case, autism. A systematic review done by Cheuk, Wong,and Chen (2011) took 10 studies, all aimed at the effectiveness of acupuncture for autism, and reviewed them for academic legitimacy and results. The studies that they looked at were performed in Hong Kong, mainland China and Egypt, involved 390 children aged between three and 18 years (Cheuk, 2011). Their findings supported that autism has little to no effect on treating children with autism spectrum disorder, however they also stated that “There are problems with assessing acupuncture due to the quality of the evidence. There were a small number of studies and they were all conducted with children. Moreover, there is a high likelihood that they may have been biased due to the methods used not being rigorous enough, the wide variety in the people and interventions in the studies, the inconsistent and imprecise reporting of results and the large number of analyses carried out, which make it more likely a significant result will be found just by chance” (Cheuk, 2011). With Jim, it will be very important to find out how he feels about the treatments. The Placebo effect can be a very effective form of coping with illness and if he thinks that it is helping him then there is no reason to stop. However, according to that systematic review there isno conclusive evidence that will support the continuation of acupuncture treatment with Jim. In fact, some of the studies in the systematic review by Chuek and his partners found that some of the children actually suffered some adverse side effects like fear, pain, bleeding, sleep disturbance or increased hyperactivity (Cheuk 2011). With all that being said, the decision to
Autism Case Study10continue treatment will be completely up to Jim’s parents, but the evidence points to no longer continuing the treatment.Evidence Based Treatments for AutismSince the biological cause of autism is still generally unknown, the pharmaceutical approach to autism spectrum disorder treatment is relatively ineffective. Although as stated earlier, some medication can have utility in treating comorbid diseases such as depression and anxiety. According to a book titled Focus on Autism Research by Ryaskin, the best way to treat someone with autism is behavioral and cognitive therapy. The book pulls evidence based research from two different databases along with several different searches related to autism spectrum disorder and treatment, and then narrowed approximately 1695 papers down to 79 for analysis. The specifically treatments that were shown to be effective were early and intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI), TEACCH programs, and a developmentally based Early Intervention program managed by the Scottish Center for Autism (Ryaskin 2004).