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eventually result in the elimination of prostitution all together” (Sterling, Meulen, 2018 p.292) PROBLEMS OF CRIMINALIZATIONThe criminalization of sex work doesn’t stop sex work from happening, however, it just elicits more prosecution and regulation of it. “As a result, sex workers have an amplified interest in remaining out of sight of authorities” Vanwesenbeeck, 2017 p. 1634) This, however, puts the safety of sex workers in danger. It pushes sex workers to isolated, darker, and less populated areas, due to the fear of police detection. However, in doing so, they are putting themselves at more risk for violence and abuse to occur in order to remain undetected(Vanwesenbeeck, 2017) The criminalization of sex works pushes for a negative relationship between sex workers and authorities, where they may develop a mistrust and hatred towards police. Millions of sex workers around the world are not able to rely on the police for protection, but rather run the risk of being fined or incarcerated themselves when reporting crimes against them.”
(Vanwesenbeeck, 2017 p,1633) Several reports also indicate that clients who would have previously helped to report violence coercion, or other abuse toward a sex worker are now much more reluctant to go to police “ (Ka Hon Chu, Glass, 2013 p.106) . One sex worker shares their experience describing “a situation where she had been sent to a client’s hotel room and was trying to negotiate the terms of the transaction, when the client became violent. She then reportedthe incident to the police and testified t trial; however, her attacker was acquitted.”(ODoherty, 2011p.223) This situation serves to perpetuate a belief that violence against sex workers is to gounpunished. In the study, numerous participants shared how they repeatedly felt a lack of faith within the justice system, (ODoherty, 2011 p .223) Studies have shown that negotiations with and screening of clients aremore hurried and less careful under client criminalization, with clients understandably less willing to reveal requested information about themselves (Dodillet & Ostergren, 2011; Levy & Jakob- sson, 2014 as cited in Vanwesenbeeck, 2017 ). Theclient network drastically changes due to the criminalizationas well, inherently endangering workers (Vanwesenbeeck, 2017).Regular safety precautions become much more difficult to put into practice, as “screening of the clients is rushed and less thorough, as well as clients are less likely to reveal the requested information about themselvesin fear of being detected ((Vanwesenbeeck, 2017 p.1634) As a result, more difficult working conditions can lower the standards workers have towards their own security and safety, putting themselves at risk for more violence and abuse Ka Hon Chu, Glass, 2013).”The stigma surrounding sex work legitimizes all presumptuous behaviour and supports a culture of impunity for violence and aggression” (Vanwesenbeeck, 2017p1633)
The criminalization of clients has been seen to affect the health of sex workers in a myriad of ways. Since sex workers have a lessened ability to