History 106 - Test 2 Study Guide.docx

Chapter 24 what are the europeans and chinese trading

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Chapter 24 What are the Europeans and Chinese trading? o They are trading Tea, porcelain, and silk for opium o Tea is the main trading good What is acquired in the Treaty of Nanjing o The treaty ended the first opium war
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o The chinese have to pay the costs of the war and they were forced, by the british, to open the ports of Shangahi, Ningbo, Fuzhou, and Xiamen. o The Chinese were confronted with the british insistence on nontariff automony o British gets hong kong o Most favored nation clause and british gets the same rights Non-tariff: The loss by a country of its right to set its own tariffs Extraterritoriality o The immunity of a country’s nationals from the laws of their host country o The immunity of a country’s nationals from the laws of their lost country British subjects who violated Chinese laws would be tried and punished by british c onsuls. Who is Hong Xiuquan?(1851-1864 Taiping rebellion) o He led the civil war( one of the bloodiest) o He believes he’s the brother of jesus Christ and was gonna lead his people to starvation o He told his pears that he has to work to bring the heavenly kingdom of Great peace back to earth. o The movement became known as the Taiping rebellion o Leader of the taiping rebellion American open door policy o They tries to maintain balance and tries china not to be colonized o Maintain order Who is Lin Zexu? o He is sent to try and curtail the opium trade in 1839 o He writes to queen Victoria about the opium trade o He demanded that all foreign merchants surrender their opium stocks and sign a pledge that they would not, under penalty of death, deal in the drug anymore.
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