The adolescent antisocial behavior highly aggressive

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The Adolescent – Antisocial Behavior Highly aggressive youths show deficient or biased information processing at every step Many aggressive youths act impulsively with an automatic response based on their past experiences They are easily angered and quickly attribute hostile intent to whoever harms them Severely violent youths have often experienced abandonment, neglect, abuse, and bullying Their experiences may have given them a basis to view the world as a hostile place and to feel little concern for others
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The Adolescent – Antisocial Behavior Patterson and colleagues found that highly antisocial children and adolescents often grow up in coercive family environments Family members engage in power struggles to control each other through negative, coercive tactics Parents are negatively reinforced when their threatening, yelling, and hitting temporarily stops their children’s misbehavior Children are negatively reinforced when their difficult behavior (ignoring requests, whining, temper tantrums) successfully stops their parents’ behavior
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The Adolescent – Antisocial Behavior According to Patterson and colleagues, the coercive family environment sets in motion the next steps in the making of an antisocial adolescent The aggressive, unpleasant child performs poorly in school and is rejected by other children He then becomes involved in a peer group made up of other low-achieving, antisocial, and unpopular youths, who positively reinforce one another’s delinquency
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Caption: Gerald Patterson’s model of the development of antisocial behavior starts with poor discipline and coercive cycles of family influence
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The Adolescent – Antisocial Behavior Severe antisocial behavior is the product of a complex interplay between genetic predisposition and social learning experiences From an evolutionary perspective, male aggression may have evolved to enable successful competition for mates and genetic contribution to the next generation Some individuals (female and male) are genetically predisposed to have difficult, irritable temperaments, impulsive tendencies, and other response tendencies and personality traits that contribute to aggressive, delinquent, and criminal behavior
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The Adolescent – Antisocial Behavior Through the mechanism of gene-environment interaction, children with certain genetic predispositions may become antisocial if they also grow up in a dysfunctional family and receive poor parenting or are physically abused According to Dodge (2009), Children who have a variant of the monoamine oxidase (MAOA) gene (a gene on the X chromosome that normally contributes to an ability to control our tempers) that results in low MAOA activity If they are abused or mistreated may attribute hostile intentions to others Cannot control their anger and lash out impulsively
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The Adolescent – Antisocial Behavior Through the mechanism of gene-environment correlation, children who inherit a genetic predisposition to become aggressive may actually evoke the coercive
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  • Fall '17
  • MarciaGuilliams
  • Lawrence Kohlberg, Kohlberg's stages of moral development

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