Revealing its nootropic action positive effects on

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revealing its nootropic action (positive effects on memory, learning, and concentration).^^" In one study involving healthy subjects, the Bacopa (300 mg) group showed a significant improvement in speed of visual processing, learning rate, and memory consolidation, as well as reduced anxiety, when compared to the placebo group. Bacopa was most effective after a 12-week period of supple- mentation.•'^^' Another study conducted on children with ADHD revealed that Bacopa-treated patients (50 mg twice daily) showed significant improve- ments in memory and learning tasks over a 12-week period.^^" Bacopa appears to be well tolerated, with few adverse effects.^^^ Homeopathic Treatment Homeopathy is increasingly becoming a sought- after treatment option for ADHD.^^^ Homeopathy is a system of medicine which considers that each individuid will both present and experience their illness characteristically and that there will be a specific medicine best suited to each individual.-^^^ This specific remedy is known as the similimum. Because not all children diagnosed with ADHD manifest symptoms of the condition in an identical manner,'^* the task of the homeopathic practitio- ner, in treating with the homeopathic similimum, is to find this remedy based on the individual and characteristic symptoms of the patient with ADHD.^^= The homeopath has to know all the patient's symptoms - mental, emotional, general, or local. All corresponding sensations, concomi- tants, alternating symptoms, as well as rare or peculiar characteristic manifestations of the patient and a personal medical history, are needed for the homeopathic prescription of the similimum remedy.'^^^ Mental and emotional symptoms are given priority in understanding the disease process of the sick, as well as symptoms that characterize the uniqueness of individual symptoms. The philosophy of homeopathy thus implies treating the patient, not the disease.^^' Apart from the similimum remedy, many homeopaths make use of combination remedies, which are a complex of multiple, individual remedies that clinically relate to a particular condition. These combination remedies are sometimes used as a substitute for similimum, or "constitutional," prescribing. Various research studies on both similimum and combination homeopathic treatment of children with ADHD have been conducted, many of which have shown success in their treatment regimens. Strauss, in a study to determine the efficacy of Selenium Homaccord®, a homeopathic complex, in the management of ADHD, observed overall improvement in children's symptoms.^^" A study conducted by Smith et al found that the homeo- pathic complexes. Cerebro® and Nerva 2®, reduced the symptoms of inattention and improved the scoring of the Conner's Abbreviated Teacher Rating Scale in children with ADHD, ages 7-12 years."' White et al studied the effects of Valeriana officina- lis in mother tincture (MT) and 3X potency and observed a significant improvement in ADHD children's behavior while on the treatment, with no significant difference found between the MT and 3X potency.^^° Homeopathic complexes may

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