Constrained because of the needs of his people he

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constrained because of the needs of his people, he must be alive to lead the Trojans vase paintings - fall of Troy, Aeneas carrying father & holding son’s hand Dionysius of Halicarnassus - lived in Rome as a teacher of rhetoric thought the Trojans and others were Greeks turns everything into a “reunion of sameness” Livy and Vergil roughly contemporary, Livy (59 BCE - 17 CE) Vergil (70 - 19 BCE) both lived through final stages of civil war and est of monarchy both undertake to depict pre-history of Rome in terms relevant for their own tumultuous times both interested in what kind of a community Rome is Livy - From the Foundation of the City a total of 142 books, only 35 survive Book 1 published approx 27 BCE not unambiguously in opposition, but doesn’t parrot Augustus’ views (see preface) preface - divine and human actions that “explain” Rome’s rise to power acknowledges the influence of contemporary political realities on history history provides solace for pain of the present by concentrating on past glory exemplum (pl. exempla): model for behavior, a story that gives you guidance Livy’s story of the Trojans entertains two versions - characteristic for Livy gives more emphasis and detail to the second story, the one that imagines Aeneas and Latinus concluding a treaty in an atmosphere of mutual respect explicitly narrates the coalescence: “Trojans and Latins were rapidly becoming one people.” raise possibility that Aeneas was deified but leaves the question open thinks about what conceptions and attitudes shape Livy’s version of this story Vergil - most emblematic poet of Rome, especially the Aeneid also wrote short pastoral poems - Eclogues, c. 39 BCE and a poetic treatise on farming, Georgics, c. 29 BCE (what it means to be linked to the land in Italy) the Aeneid was left behind at his death, not completely finished instantly treated as canonical, central text of Latin literature Vergil’s story of the Trojans the story that Livy tells takes up the whole second half of Virgil's poem difference between history and epic Book 7 of 12 narrates Trojan arrival at the mouth of the Tiber River where are the lines drawn between “insiders” and “outsiders”, between “us” and “them”? - shows ethnic identity to be extremely important and yet unstable idea that the logic of the story depends on ethnic identity and yet ethnic identity depends on the story other versions that connected Latinus more closely with Greek myth, Vergil roots his genealogy strongly in Italy Portents: “Men from abroad will...be your sons in marriage. Blood so mingled lifts our name starward.” marry your daughter to a foreigner; it’s important that we all mingle Embassy to Latinus (pp. 200-205) Latinus’ city prefigures institutions of Rome Trojans = “tall men in strange costume”; Dardanus came from Italy Is Ilioneus presenting the Trojans as foreigners or as ancient kin? As
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