a. True b. False Ans: True Cognitive Domain: Comprehension Answer Location: Follower Characteristics Question Type: TF
94. According to path-goal theory, when jobs are very complex, participative leadership should be provided. a. True b. False Ans: False Cognitive Domain: Knowledge Answer Location: Task Characteristics Question Type: TF 95. Research on path-goal theory found significant validity for the model. a. True b. False Ans: False Cognitive Domain: Comprehension Answer Location: Criticisms Question Type: TF Essay 96. In path-goal theory, when tasks are ambiguous, three different styles of leadership are prescribed. How would a leader know which one to choose? Ans: After assessing task characteristics, the leader should assess group members' orientations. If they like psychological structure and certainty, then the leader should use a directive style. If members have a strong sense of agency and like to be involved in decision making, then a participative style of leadership is called for. For members who are self-motivated and strive to excel, an achievement-oriented leadership style would be most effective. Cognitive Domain: Analysis Answer Location: How Does PGT Work? Question Type: Essay 97. How can a leader's style affect a follower's motivation? Ans: The path-goal approach is based on expectancy theory, “which suggests that subordinates will be motivated if they think they are capable of performing their work, if they believe their efforts will result in a certain outcome, and if they believe that the payoffs for doing their work are worthwhile.” Leaders motivate by making subordinates' paths to their goals clear and their work conditions more satisfying. This involves choosing the leader behaviors that best fit subordinate needs (affiliation, etc.) and task characteristics (formal authority, group norms, etc.). Cognitive Domain: Analysis
Answer Location: Leader Behaviors Question Type: Essay 98. Path-goal theory is criticized for its over-emphasis on the leader and not so much on the follower. This may lead to follower dependence on the leader. What would you recommend to an organization wanting to avoid such outcomes? Use specific behaviors of the leader and give examples. Ans: Answer should give an overview of the following behaviors and then offer supported suggestions: directive behavior, supportive behavior, participative behavior, achievement- oriented behavior. Cognitive Domain: Analysis Answer Location: How Does PGT Work? Question Type: Essay 99. Both the directive and supportive leader behaviors in the path-goal approach are quite similar to the leader behaviors of the same name in the situational approach. Participative and achievement-oriented behaviors are different from the other two behaviors in situational approach (coaching and delegating). Compare and contrast these four behaviors using your knowledge of both the situational approach and path-goal approach.
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- Fall '13
- The Unconscious