terror as deployed in the GWOT and representations of state terrorism in

Terror as deployed in the gwot and representations of

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“terror” as deployed in the GWOT and representations of state terrorism in Michael Ondaatje’s Anil’s Ghost (2000), a haunting novel of the Sri Lankan civil war. San Juan’s meditation on Sri Lanka enables him to pro - vide insight into the raging civil war in the Philippines. His close read - ing of the Philippine national sovereignty movement unravels the Colin Powell doctrine, which not only positioned the Philippines as the second front in the GWOT but also categorized Philippine subaltern resistance
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REVIEWS 195 as “terrorist.” Drawing on a global Marxist archive that spans the work of Lenin, Trotsky, Frantz Fanon, and Carol Pagaduan-Araullo, San Juan reveals how the GWOT uses the concept of terror to criminalize forms of dissent. If Cultural Studies and American Studies are to be relevant in these times marked by war and the collapse of global capital, these fields must develop approaches that address the centrality of race in the formation of the US nation-state (remembering its racialized genocidal foundation) and in its policies abroad. They must also engage the contributions of current national liberation struggles in the global south to our worldwide struggle for dignity and respect for all humanity and the entire planet. San Juan’s collection illustrates how an enduring history of Philippine sub - altern movements for self-determination (“silenced” by both the GWOT and postcolonial theory) functions as the “Achilles heel” of US imperial hegemony in Southeast Asia as well as a source of critical renewal for Cultural Studies and American Studies. From Globalization to National Liberation reminds us that the responsibility of the intellectual is to culti - vate solidarity—to hear new sounds, rhythms, and voices of transforma - tion around the globe. Jeffrey Arellano Cabusao Bryant University
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