BackgroundWithin the City of Camden there is a variation in household income, housing values, ethnicity, age, crime, and other demographics between neighborhoods. (website: ) The ability of residents to advocate for themselves and the ability of the city and local non-profit agencies to target responses to problems is augmented by the availability of neighborhood-level data, as well as smaller defined geographic areas such as census block or point locations.The City of Camden does not have a health department. The function was taken over by the Camden County Health Department. For this reason, very little health data is available that goes below the county-level much less to the neighborhood, block group, or block level. This project will begin the process of gathering improved neighborhood-level health data. Additionally, morbidity data has often taken the back seat to mortality data in public health. Our proposal will build on both health indicators by improving the currently available mortality data, and making available previously unavailable morbiditydata.Significance of the researchAs health care costs continue to rise, acquiring a better understanding of where outreach efforts are needed becomes ever more critical. Understanding the health of a community is a complex task, and requires the proper tools for evaluation of current health status, trends in health, and proposals for future health policy. This study will help to show if Camden neighborhoods are experiencing differences in health outcomes. This study will also show which populations are more susceptible to certain health outcomes. It will also afford groups addressing specific health concerns to monitor their progress and evaluate their programs over time.Examples of what this database will be used for:1) The 2000 Uniform Crime Report showed that Camden has the highest murder and violent crime rate of any city in the State of New Jersey.( ucr2000.htm) This high rate of crime contributesto a high rate of trauma and injuries within the City of Camden. Information about geographical patterns of accidents and injuries will be useful to residents, organizations,health providers, and city leaders. This data will also be useful in implementation of violence prevention programs run through community organizations and/or governmental initiatives.2) Hospital discharge data of hospitalizations due to violence will be used to compare other methods of estimating community violence in Camden. These data are available through the New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, and assault rates per 100,000 residents per zip code have been calculated by the Violence Institute of New Jersey and UMDNJ.
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- Fall '16
- DR. AUCHINCLOSS