C seeds of colonial resistance in 1643 massachusetts

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C. Seeds of Colonial Resistance In 1643, Massachusetts, Plymouth, Connecticut, and New Haven banded together to form the New England Confederation. This confederation was dominated by Puritans. After the Restoration, Charles II tried taking control of the colonies but was ignored in Massachusetts. Charles II punished Massachusetts by granting a charter to rival Connecticut and Rhode Island and eventually revoking the Massachusetts charter. In 1686, the Dominion of New England tied the colonies together to counter Indian attacks and forced colonies to abide by the Navigation Acts which forbade American trade with anyone but Britain. Political and legal equality extended to America by virtue of their British citizenship which was incompatible with the economic inferiority inherent in a mercantilist system. Although England attempted to enforce the Navigation Acts, Americans ignored them and smuggling throughout America increased. The British sent Sir Edmund Andros to Boston to lead the
Dominion of New England. Andros responded to colonist opposition by ending town meetings, restricting the press, and revoking land titles. Andros also taxed the colonists without their consent. In 1689, Americans captured Edmund Andros and Dominion officials in what was known as the Boston Revolt. In 1688, the Glorious Revolution and the rise of William and Mary in England led to the downfall of the Dominion of New England. From 1689 to 1691, Leisler’s Rebellion in New York City saw Americans overthrow officials that were loyal to King James II. In 1691, Massachusetts got a new charter and all landowners were given the right to vote and church membership was no longer a requirement. America’s love of political autonomy combined with the history of rebellion and distrust of authority led up to the American Revolution. ___________________________________________________________________________ Free Response Questions 1. If the remaking of the Americas “was a team effort” as Alan Taylor suggests, what transformations did both the New World and Old World experience and is it accurate to suggest that these transformations were “managed (but never fully controlled) by European people”?

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