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Primary source is evidence created by some one who

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Primary source is evidence created by some one who witnessed the event. Primary sources are the "stuff" of history. Most remain unpublished and some are scattered in collections in distant places. Some primary sources in government agencies may be difficult to locate or placed behind a security firewall of some kind. Primary source material held by individuals and corporations may also be unavailable to the historian. Quantification is one of the most notable trends in recent historical research. Researchers in the United States have led in identifying, retrieving, and creating data sets based upon topics, such as political and economic history where data is more easily found. 3
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ISS 225 Power, Authority, Exchange History Increased government regulation and more accurate record keeping has created a detailed historical record in most developed countries which allows historians to work with reasonably large data sets. Population history and political history which examines voting or public opinion are good examples. Economic history also is relatively data rich. With large sets of data, historians can create models that are more likely to have predictive power. As this type of research becomes more popular, it encourages historians to focus on recent periods where data is more available. IV. Approaches/Styles of History A. The “Great Man” Approach This approach puts emphasis on history as influenced by important men that shaped the destiny of the nation. Often these histories are glorified and the individuals become greater than life. The Great man theory is a theory held by some that aims to explains history by the impact of "Great men", ie: highly influential individuals, either from personal charisma, genius intellects, or great political impact. Examples: Napoleon changed the face of Europe Gandhi changed India Alexander built the largest single empire and died at the age of 33 It is often linked to 19th century philosopher and historian Thomas Carlyle , who commented that "The history of the world is but the biography of great men." This theory is usually contrasted with a theory that talks about events occurring in the fullness of time, or when an overwhelming wave of smaller events cause certain developments to occur. B. Institutions Approach This approach looks at the origin and growth of democratic institutions, particularly constitutional development. National histories reinforce the importance of existing political and governmental institutions. C. Zeitgeist Approach 4
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ISS 225 Power, Authority, Exchange History The way to tell history takes the function of both place and time. It doesn’t only look at one person but it also looks at the time and place where many people lived. This type of history has a much broader title like, “Everyday … History” and What it was like for…” a certain person at a certain time.
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