3 Region Species BF 3 B F F B 3 3F 21 24 es2 12 prs B F F octet violator Number

3 region species bf 3 b f f b 3 3f 21 24 es2 12 prs b

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3 Region Species BF 3 B F F B 3 3F 21 24 e's/2= 12 prs B F F (octet violator) Number of regions around CENTRAL ATOM: 3 shape : TRIGONAL PLANAR bond angles: 120 o F F B F F F
Hybridization of B in BF 3 Atomic B : 1s 2 2s 2 2p 1 Valence e‘s 2p 2s Energy separate 2p 2s "hybridize" "sp 2 " "sp 2 " "sp 2 " Hybrid sp 2 orbitals: 1 part s , 2 parts p
FORMATION OF BF 3 Each fluorine atom, 1s 2 2s 2 2p 5 , has one unshared electron in a p orbital. The half filled p orbital overlaps head-on with a half full hybrid sp 2 orbital of the boron to form a sigma bond. "arrange" (VSEPR) B B is said to be "sp 2 hybridized"
F F sp 2 hybridized , TRIGONAL PLANAR, 120 o bond angles B F F F B F
The sp 2 hybrid orbitals in BF 3 Animation sp2
The four bonds around C are of equal length and Energy
sp 3 ” Hybridization: All 4 Region Species CH 4 C H H C 4 4H 4 Number of regions around CENTRAL ATOM: 4 shape : TETRAHEDRAL bond angles: 109.5 o H H 8 8 e's /2 = 4 pr H C H H H
Hybridization of C in CH 4 Atomic C : 1s 2 2s 2 2p 2 Valence e‘s 2p 2s Energy separate 2p 2s "hybridize" "sp 3 " "sp 3 " "sp 3 " "sp 3 " Hybrid sp 3 orbitals: 1 part s , 3 parts p
FORMATION OF CH 4 Each hydrogen atom, 1s 1 , has one unshared electron in an s orbital. The half filled s orbital overlaps head-on with a half full hybrid sp 3 orbital of the carbon to form a sigma bond. "arrange" (VSEPR) C C is said to be "sp 3 hybridized"
sp 3 hybridized , TETRAHEDRAL, 109.5 o bond angles C H H H H C H H H H
The sp 3 hybrid orbitals in CH 4 Animation sp3
NH 3 N H H N 5 3H 3 8e's/2=4 prs Number of regions around CENTRAL ATOM: 4 shape : TETRAHEDRAL bond angles: < 109.5 o N H H H N H H H H
Hybridization of N in N H 3 Atomic N : 1s 2 2s 2 2p 3 Valence e’s 2p 2s Energy "hybridize" "sp 3 " "sp 3 " "sp 3 " "sp 3 "
FORMATION OF N H 3 : Each hydrogen atom, 1s 1 , has one unshared electron in an s orbital. The half filled s orbital overlaps head-on with a half full hybrid sp 3 orbital of the nitrogen to form a sigma bond. "arrange" (VSEPR) N N is said to be "sp 3 hybridized"
The sp 3 hybrid orbitals in NH 3
The sp 3 hybrid orbitals in H 2 O
The sp 3 d hybrid orbitals in PCl 5 Animation sp3d