there are low levels of any of the social controls, criminal behavior is much more likely to occur. The backstory of the god Loki of the Marvel universe coincides with this theory, specifically in his actions through the 2012 film The Avengers . Loki, the adopted brother of Thor, was accepted into Thor’s family at a young age after his father was killed in battle. However, the people as well as their father, Odin, greatly favored Thor from an early age which left Loki as an outcast 7
Blashe for the duration of his childhood. He began to study sorcery on his own time and was especially known for breaking the rules. As he grew up, he began to resent his conditions so much that he ran away to wreak havoc elsewhere. In The Avengers , Loki attempts to use a powerful alien substance known as the Tesseract to enslave all of humanity. In a later conversation between Loki and Thor, he recalls being a “shadow, living in the shade of [Thor’s] greatness… [being tossed] into an abyss” ( The Avengers ). As evident by Loki’s actions and childhood, he demonstrates very low levels in all categories of social controls as identified by Hirschi. He showed no attachment to his peers or family as he was neglected in favor of his brother. He showed little commitment to abide by societal expectations which explains his tendency to break the rules and his decision to disappear from his home. His involvement in socially approved activities was little, as he spent much time plotting the demise of his brother and father and engaged in crime at an early age. He also did not agree with the decisions or laws of society, which also represents a low level of belief as well. Hirschi’s Social Control Theory can effectively be applied to Loki’s life and specifically his actions in the film due to his poor sense of social control. Another central theory under the control perspective Jackson Toby’s Stakes in Conformity. This theory focuses on the fact that everyone is tempted to break the law, however some people have more to lose than others. Those that have the most to lose are the least likely to commit crime and vice versa. This idea is effectively expressed in the 2008 film The Dark Knight . The villain in the film, the Joker, is a sociopath who murders for his own amusement. However, when his backstory is taken into account it is quite understandable as to why he resorts to crime for enjoyment. He was originally an engineer at a chemical plant who quit his job to 8
Blashe become a stand-up comedian, however this dream of his failed poorly. In order to support his pregnant wife, he decides to break into his place of former employment. He then finds out his wife and unborn child had died but it is too late to back out of the plan. During the break-in, he
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- Spring '11
- Lester Burnham., Bill Williamson