PHIE1 n Know that when an observation does not agree with an accepted

# Phie1 n know that when an observation does not agree

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PHIE1. n. Know that when an observation does not agree with an accepted scientific theory, the observation is sometimes mistaken or fraudulent (e.g., the Piltdown Man fossil or unidentified flying objects) and that the theory is sometimes wrong (e.g., the Ptolemaic model of the movement of the Sun, Moon, and planets). 3 This is a sample of California Standards Test questions. This is NOT an operational test form. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education.
CALIFORNIA STANDARDS TEST Released Test Questions Physics THE MOTION AND FORCES REPORTING CLUSTER The following seven California content standards are included in the Motion and Forces reporting cluster and are represented in this booklet by 17 test questions. These questions represent only some ways in which these standards may be assessed on the California Physics Standards Test. CALIFORNIA CONTENT STANDARDS IN THIS REPORTING CLUSTER ± Motion and Forces PH1. Newton’s laws predict the motion of most objects. As a basis for understanding this concept: PH1. a. Students know how to solve problems that involve constant speed and average speed. PH1. b. Students know that when forces are balanced, no acceleration occurs; thus an object continues to move at a constant speed or stays at rest (Newton’s first law). PH1. c. Students know how to apply the law F = ma to solve one-dimensional motion problems that involve constant forces (Newton’s second law). PH1. d. Students know that when one object exerts a force on a second object, the second object always exerts a force of equal magnitude and in the opposite direction (Newton’s third law). PH1. e. Students know the relationship between the universal law of gravitation and the effect of gravity on an object at the surface of Earth. PH1. f. Students know applying a force to an object perpendicular to the direction of its motion causes the object to change direction but not speed (e.g., Earth’s gravitational force causes a satellite in a circular orbit to change direction but not speed). PH1. g. Students know circular motion requires the application of a constant force directed toward the center of the circle. 4 This is a sample of California Standards Test questions. This is NOT an operational test form. Test scores cannot be projected based on performance on released test questions. Copyright © 2009 California Department of Education.
CALIFORNIA STANDARDS TEST Released Test Questions Physics THE CONSERVATION OF ENERGY AND MOMENTUM REPORTING CLUSTER The following seven California content standards are included in the Conservation of Energy and Momentum reporting cluster and are represented in this booklet by 19 test questions. These questions represent only some ways in which these standards may be assessed on the California Physics Standards Test.

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