The First Battle of Bull Run 359 Lincoln’s Battle Plan 360 The Battle of Shiloh 360 The Peninsula Campaign 361 The Changing Nature of Warfare 362 The Second Battle of Bull Run 363 The Battle of Antietam and Its Aftermath 364 The Emancipation Proclamation 365 10.4 The Turning Point Year of the War: 1863 366 The Draft Riots 366 Politics During the War 367 Wartime Women 368 The Road to Gettysburg 369 Davis as Leader 369 Lee and His Generals 369 The Battle of Gettysburg 370 Lincoln Finds His Generals 371 10.5 The Final Year of the War: 1864 to 1865 373 The Election of 1864 374 Plans for Reconstruction 374 Details of the Race 374 Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address 375 The Civil War Finally Ends 376 Appomattox Court House 376 CONTENTS
CONTENTS Conclusion 377 Chapter Summary 378 Chapter 10 Timeline 380 Post-Test 381 Thought Questions 382 Key Terms 382 Suggested Web Sites 384 Answers and Rejoinders to Chapter Pre-Test 385 References 385 Chapter 11 The Unfinished Revolution: Reconstruction (1865–1877) 387 Introduction 388 American Lives: Blanche K. Bruce 388 Critical Thinking Questions 389 11.1 The War’s End and Presidential Reconstruction 389 The Dawn of Freedom 390 Opposing Views on Reconstruction 391 Lincoln’s Plan 392 Johnson’s Plan 393 The Black Codes 394 11.2 Radical Reconstruction 394 Johnson’s Impeachment 394 Civil Rights and the Reconstruction Era Amendments 395 African Americans in Politics 397 11.3 The Failure of Reconstruction 399 Land, Labor, and Sharecropping 399 Violence and Intimidation 400 Liberal Republicans, Democrats, and the Northern Retreat 401 The Redeemers and the Election of 1876 402 Conclusion 402 Chapter Summary 403 Chapter 11 Timeline 404 Post-Test 405 Thought Questions 406 Key Terms 406 Suggested Web Sites 407 Answers and Rejoinders to Chapter Pre-Test 408 References 408 Glossary 411 References 429
About the Author Dr. Mary Stockwell is a writer and teacher with advanced degrees in history and philosophy from the University of Toledo. After completing her Ph.D. in American history, she worked as a writer at Detroit Edison’s Fermi II Nuclear Power Plant. This experience taught her how people make decisions in the real world and provided insights which have helped her become a better writer and teacher of his- tory. While she worked as a writer in business, she taught history and philosophy at Central Michigan University, Siena Heights University, and Lourdes University. In 1996, she was hired as the American History Professor at Lourdes University, and in 2001, she became the chair of its Department of History, Political Science, and Geography. Dr. Stockwell won the Faculty Excellence Award for teach- ing three times at Lourdes University and was nominated by her institution for several national teaching awards. She retired from her teaching and administrative career in 2012 to become a full-time writer and to accept the Earhart Foundation Fellowship from the William L. Clements Library at the University of Michigan for the 2012 academic year.
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