www2.fiu.edu_~girardc_4700JAP.18

At santa anita track bathe in horse showers in which

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1.At Santa Anita track, bathe in horse showers in which stench of manure lingers 2.Camp “Harmony” in Washington houses in converted pigpens 3.sell property in weeks:economic ruin, lost $400 million (Federal Reserve est.) E. 2nd Stage of evacuation: concentration camps in remote places/desert 1.Families in crowded in single room, bare light bulb in long wooden cabins 2.Surrounded by barbed wire, armed sentinel towers 3.Not allowed to speak Japanese or practice culture F. Peruvian Japanese interned in U.S. under Enemy Alien Act of 1798 G.Little Opposition: Earl Warren carries out enthusiastically as CA attorney General 1.Survey of American Civil Liberties Union in 1942 shows strong support 2.Yet any act of sabotage/espionage by Japanese Americans never verified 3.Supreme Court upholds until Endo v U.S. in Dec, 1944,when ordered released H. Why Japanese, but not Italians or Germans?: Presidents Carter¶s Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians concludes 3 reasons: 1. wartime hysteria,failure of political leadership,racism 2.recommends $20,000 to each survivor; payments begin in 1990! back to class notes index
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  • Fall '09
  • CHRISGIRARD
  • Japanese diaspora, Government of Japan, Japanese- Americans

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