• Includes conveying warmth • Also conveying acceptance by responding to the p atient’s messages (verbal and non-verbal) with nonjudgmental or noncritical verbal & non-verbal reactions. • Respect - Ability to communicate to the patient the counselor's sincere belief that every person possesses the inherent strength and capacity to make it in life, and that each person has the right to choose his own alternatives and make his own decisions. 5. Concreteness - Keeping communications specific and focused on facts and feelings of relevant concerns, while avoiding tangents, generalizations, abstract discussions, or talking about counselor rather than the client. This includes the following functions: a. Assisting client to identify and work on a specific problem from the various ones presented. b. Reminding the client of the task and re-describing intent and structure of the session. c. Using questions and suggestions to help the client clarify facts, terms, feelings, and goals. d. Use a here-and-now focus to emphasize process and content occurring in current session, which may of help to elucidate the problem being worked on or improving the problem-solving process. 6. Open Questions - A questioning process to assist the client in clarifying or exploring thoughts or feelings. Here, the counselor is not requesting specific information and not purposively limiting the nature of the response to only a yes or no, or very brief answer. a. Goal is to facilitate exploration – Not needed if the client is already doing this. b. Have an intention or therapeutic purpose for every question you ask. c. Avoid asking too many questions, or assuming an interrogatory role. d. Best approach is to follow a response to an open-ended question with a paraphrase or reflection which encourages the client to share more and avoids repetitive patterns of question/answer/question/answer, etc.
7 7. Counselor Self-Disclosure - The counselor shares personal feelings, experiences, or reactions to the client. Should include relevant content intended to help them. As a rule, it is better to not self-disclose unless there is a pressing clinical need which cannot be met in any other way. Remember empathy is not sharing similar experiences but conveying in a caring and understanding manner what the client is feeling and thinking 8. Interpretation - Any statement to the client which goes beyond what they have said or are aware of. In interpretation the counselor is providing new meaning, reason, or explanation for behaviors, thoughts, or feelings so that patient can see problems in a new way. Interpretations can help the client make connections between seemingly isolated statements of events, can point out themes or patterns, or can offer a new framework for understanding. An interpretation may be used to help a patient focus on a specific aspect of their problem, or provide a goal. 9. Information Giving and Removing Obstacles to Change - Supplying data, opinions, facts, resources or answers to questions. Explore with client possible problems which may delay or prevent their change process. In collaboration with the client identify possible solutions and alternatives.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 7 pages?
- Spring '14