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a standard African American Studies department has changed many times since then in order to include other goals and needs for different areas of study within the field (multiple tracks), and faculty. Regardless of curricula, most students enrolled in Black Studies take social science courses with each university’s student body in tracks largely related to the respective institution’sbackground. African Americanist pursue their work through three approaches: epistemology, Afrocentricity, and ideology. There are different schools of thought when it comes to defining Afrocentricity’s epistemology. One posits ancient Africa via Egypt as the source of civilizations (“Nile Valley” Afrocentrism). Another says that the entire African continent is the true source of the culture of black trans-Atlantic communities (Continental Afrocentrism).The last places great stress on the “use of knowledge and resources in protecting and promoting the best interest of black people as members of the localities in which they live” (Social Afrocentrism). There are also two different ideologies: assimilationists and self-determinationists. Moreover, there are fourphases of socio-scientific trends which describe themes and theories that explain the character of the black community which also include the contributionist approach, pathological theory, and deprivation theory.