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Enforcing inequality and differences racism c ore

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Enforcing Inequality and DifferencesRacismCore Concept7: Racism is the belief that genetic or biologically based differencesexplainand even justify inequalitiesthat existbetweenadvantaged and disadvantagedracial andethnic groups.Modern racismemerged as a way to justify European exploitation of people andresources in Africa, Asia, and the Americas.Scientific racism- The use of faulty science to support systems of racial rankings andtheories of social and cultural progress that placed whites in the most advanced ranks andstage of human evolution.Eugenicsmovement was presented as an applied science with the purpose of identifying ways toimprove the genetic compositions of populations.In theUnited States,eugenic policies supported by scientific racism were behind laws
created to protect white racial purity, including prohibiting sexual relationships betweenwhites and nonwhites and banning interracial marriage.Brazilianscientists, intellectuals, and political elite embraced “whitening” as a solutionto the supposed ‘biological degeneracy’ that came from Brazil’s location in a tropicalclimate.While still embracing the doctrine of white superiority, they maintained that“black and mulatto inferiority could be overcome by miscegenation” and that “racemixture would eliminate the black population, eventually resulting in a white ormostly white Brazilian population.”Prejudice, Stereotyping and DiscriminationCore Concept 8: Prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination are tools that preserve thesystem that benefits advantaged race and ethnic groups.Prejudice - a rigid and usually unfavorable judgment about an out-group that doesnot change in the face of contradictory evidence and that applies to anyone whoshares the distinguishing characteristics of the out-group.Prejudices are based onstereotypes.Stereotypes- simplistic generalizations about categories that are applied to anyone inthose categories.Stereotypes are supported and reinforced in a number of ways.Selective perception- the process in which prejudiced people notice only those supposedfacts that support their stereotypes.When a prejudiced person encounters a minority person that contradicts astereotype, the former sees the latter as an exception to the rule.Discrimination - an intentional or unintentional act of unequaltreatment ofindividuals or groups based on attributes unrelated to merit, ability, or pastperformance. Discrimination denies people equal opportunities to achieve sociallyvalued goals such as getting an education, finding employment, accessing healthcare, and living a long life. It is a behavior, not an attitude.Sociologist Robert K. Merton explored therelationship between prejudice (the attitude) anddiscrimination (the behavior).

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Term
Spring
Professor
CALDERONE
Tags
Ethnic group

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