flowers for the freshness they bring to the surroundings. Arrangements need not be reserved only for parties or special occasions. They can be used regularly depending upon the season and the theme. Unconventional and dry material can also be used to make arrangements which are more economical and last longer. Page 40
2nd year Accommodation Operation FLOWER ARRANGEMENTS IN HOTELS In hotels, flowers are used extensively. Various types of arrangements are chosen, as appropriate to the area and occasion. Medium-sized ‘round’ arrangements are often provided at the guest relations executives’ desk in the lobby and on coffee tables in the lounges. In most five star hotels, one can see huge, spectacular arrangements in the lobbies. Restaurants generally have bud vases on each table, with one or two flowers in them. Table arrangements for conferences must be low so that guests may see over them. At informal banquets, large arrangements may be seen. At wedding banquets, wall arrangements using gerberas are very popular nowadays. On special occasions and festivals, some hotels even make beautiful traditional flower carpets for the lobby. BASIC INGREDIENTS 1. Mechanics 2. Equipment 3. Containers 4. Bases 5. Accessories 6. Plant material 7. Support MECHANICS : These are items used to keep flowers, foliage, and stems in place within the container. Mechanics must be fixed securely and should be hidden from view. Examples – florists’ foam (oasis), pin holders (Japanese term – kenzan), chicken wire, prong, adhesive clay and tape, florist cone. Floral foam , also called oasis , is a cellular plastic material, available in two types – green foam and brown/grey foam. Pin-holders , also called kenzan or needle-point holders , is a series of sharply pointed pins are firmly held in a solid lead base, to hold thick and heavy stems securely by impaling them on the pins. Chicken wire, also called ‘wire mesh’ or ‘wire netting’ , is a fine- gauge wire used to cover floral foam blocks in large displays. Prong is the simplest type of floral foam anchor. It is a small plastic disc with four vertical prongs. The base of the prong is attached to the container with adhesive clay and the floral foam is pressed down onto the prongs. Florist’s cone, also called a ‘ flower tube’ or ‘ flower funnel’ . It acts like a miniature vase. It is used in large arrangements, where foliage or flowers need to be placed above their stem height. EQUIPMENT : This includes tools used to ensure that a satisfactory arrangement of plant material is created within the container. Examples – bucket, scissors, knife, watering can, mister, wire cutter, cocktail sticks, turn, wire, floral tape, candle holder, cut flower preservatives, and secateurs. Mister is a hand- held spray bottle to produce a fine mist of water droplets to keep an arrangement look fresh in warm weather. Secateurs are used to cut through thick and woody stems.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 49 pages?
- Spring '19
- Industrial laundry, linen room