D erik erikson is one of the most influential

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d. Erik Erikson is one of the most influential scholars in the history o adolescent development. In Erikson’s theory of human development, each period of life is characterized by a distinctive developmental issue or crisis/
Psychology Lesson 7 Notes I. Effects of mid-life on parents and adolescence A. Vocab 1. Family systems approach - An approach to understanding family functioning that emphasizes how each relationship within the family influences the family as a whole 2. Dyadic relationship - A relationship between two persons 3. Disequilibrium - In the family systems approach, this term is used in reference to a change that requires adjustments from family members. 4. Midlife crisis - The popular belief, largely unfounded according to research, that most people experience a crisis when they reach about age 40, involving intensive reexamination of their lives and perhaps sudden and dramatic changes if they are dissatisfied. 5. Caregiver relationship - Between siblings, a relationship in which one sibling serves parental functions for the other. B. Another thing that tends to increase stress levels is that because parents are done growing and on their way to their midlife while thier children are developing it tends to create a conflict of interests and increase conflict in the household as a whole. II. Describe the impacts of extended family relationships and sibling relationships on adolescents A. For about 80% of American adolescents, and similar proportions in other developed countries, the family system also includes relationships with at least one sibling. B. There are five common patterns that can be identified in adolescents’ relationships with their sibling 1. Caregiver relationship - one sibling serves parental functions for the other. (most common between an older sister and younger siblings. 2. Buddy relationship - siblings treat each other as friends, They try to be like one another, and is enjoy being with each other 3. Critical relationship - characterized by a high level of conflict against each other and measure their success against one another. 4. Causal relationship - the relationship between them is not emotionally intense, and they may have little to do with one another. C. Even though adolescents tend to have more conflicts with siblings than in their other relationships, conflict with sibling is lover in adolescents that at younger
ages. From childhood to adolescence, relationships with siblings becomes more casual and less emotionally intense. III. Various parenting styles in traditional and western cultures A. Different styles 1. Authoritative a) Parents are nurturing and supporting while still managing to set limits on their children. Less likely for children to be delinquents 2. Authoritarian a) Set limits for their children harshly , but are not involved much with the child this causes the children to lash out and rebel more often than not 3. Permissive a) Becoming more common in north american society parents do not set rules. Let the kids run amok and want kids to express

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