African American women earn 36 less than white men and Latinas earn 45 less

African american women earn 36 less than white men

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African American women earn 36% less than white men and Latinas earn 45% less Much of the job growth post-recession has been in low-paying industries Women of color are disproportionally likely to work in minimum wage jobs From the Folks Who Brought You the Weekend… Non college-educated women are often trapped in the “pink collar ghetto” with minimum wage jobs that often lack paid sick days or benefits The originally proposed Equal Pay Act would have required employers to compensate men and women the same for similar type work Union work has the potential to improve women’s working situation through access to health care, sick days, pensions, and job security Misara, Which Policies Promote Gender Equality? Why do women make less than men? o Motherhood penalty – access to child care o Paid leave to care for infants o Paternity leave o California has demonstrated positive results with paid leave and early childhood education programs Sandberg, Gender Bias and the fight for Equal Pay Gender stereotypes contribute to women’s lower wages Men are seen as more confident and people’s self-assessment aligns with these stereotypes Women have lower salary expectations and others expect to pay them less as well What are the consequences for when women do have high expectations of themselves? Sequingo, Trends in Global Gender Equity Women have made global gains in education and health, but this has not translated to economic parity Women are still responsible for childcare Underrepresented in politics, despite having educational parity in many parts of the globe McCAll, Men Against Women, or the Top 20% Against the Bottom 80% Being at the top now outweighs being a woman. In 2010, a high-earning woman made more than 1.5x more than the typical man SES plays a huge role in determining someone’s life chances Elite women are making huge gains. Most of the income growth is with top female earners Top-earning women from households with top-earning men Shierholz, the Wrong Route to Equality: Men’s Declining Wages Gender pay gap has been improving because of declines in men’s wages
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The Changing American Family: Risman asks us to remember the main premises of the book Families are diverse Families “as they really are” are not undermining America The social institution of the family has always changed over time 12 Features of social institution 1. Institutions are profoundly social a.
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