What is NDIS? The NDIS is a major and highly complex reform to the way in which disability support is funded, accessed and provided. It is jointly governed and funded by the Commonwealth and participating state and territory governments.
- The main component of the NDIS is individualised, long-term funding to provide support for people aged under 65 years with permanent and significant disability or eligible for early intervention support. - Participants will meet with the NDIS Agency to identify a set of supports agreed as 'reasonable and necessary' to meet their goals. Participants will be provided with funding for these supports and will have choice over how their needs are met (including choice of provider). - The NDIS also has a broader role in providing information, coordination, referral and funding to assist people with disability (including those not eligible to participate in the main component of the scheme). Will be fully rolled out by June 2019 - Funded by medicare - 5% increase in medicare tax. averages $300 pp/pa. • Inherent tensions in relation to health policy Structural Disadvantage vs. Individual Deficit Paternalism vs Empowerment __________________________________________________________________________ ____________ Week #9 • The international context for child protection: In 1989, world leaders decided that children needed a special convention because people under 18 years old often need special care and protection that adults do not. The leaders agreed that children have human rights too and developed the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child [UNCRC] (UN, 1989). This has arguably been the most significant document in the area of children and families. An example is child soldiers. There are an estimated 250,000 child soldiers – 40% are girls (not all in active combat, but are used as sex-slaves, cooks or spies for militants We also know that men largely perpetrate child abuse and violence. Because violence often occurs within families and there is a large veil of secrecy around it, our culture tends to see child abuse as an individual problem rather than a systemic one. We tend to blame individual perpetrators rather than exploring the larger issues that may contribute to their behaviors. • What is meant by ‘family’ The Australian Bureau of Statistics [ABS] defines family as “two or more persons, one of whom is at least 15 years of age, who are related by blood, marriage (registered or de facto), adoption, step or fostering, and who are usually resident in the same household” (ABS, 2006, para 1) • Policy areas and services to meet the needs of children and families Policies in relation to children and families are either directly concerned with family well-being (e.g. child protection and income support legislation) or indirectly concerned (e.g. employment, education, housing, health, taxation). The current funding model for child and family services is a joint responsibility model between the Federal and States/Territory governments. In terms of areas that relate to families, the Federal government has responsibility for administration of family law, income support (Centrelink), child care and family support services. The State/Territory governments have responsibility for child protection, policing