Literally a tax where conscription meant that

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literally a tax where conscription meant that officials would come around and take their blood, this led to riots like the Misaka riot. Japanese ordinance that mandated all men over 20 years of age to be subject to conscription for the Japanese military. Many Japanese citizens did not agree with this ordinance because people argued this was a "blood tax". Families were not only paying the government money or goods, but now the lives of their own children for what was suppose to be a benefit to the state. Centralized shrines:Used to reinforce national identity; previously each village had their own shrines but moved to centralized location. Everyone worshipped same time same place. Promoted cultural unity.Shrine for war dead (1869)(Yasukuni Shrine 1879)Reforms in mandatory schooling:Literacy was most effective way towards indoctrination and maintaining influence over subjects. Emphasis on allegiance, patriotism, filial piety, common good, ethics.Ministry of Education and textbooks:Government had a monopoly on the textbooks and educational system. Thus, everyone read the exact same texts. Very easy to manipulate a population.Print media and “imagined community”:Chose an official dialect in Edo region. All publications were done in that language, and this had a remarkably homogenizing effect, as everyone read the same thing at same time. More reading = larger and more absolute control of people.Vernacularization and nationalism:The establishment of a common language was fueled by the important new sense of nationalism and by the thrust of Capitalism on the Japanese market because goods would come in under a common language, especially books.The Ideology of the NationReaction to Napoleonic conquests:The Napoleonic conquests provoked a change in nationalism for nationalistic defiance against the Napoleonic invasions whereas prior to the 19th Century, “nationalism” was more so affiliated with religion.Congress of Vienna:(1814-1815) The Austrian foreign minister, Clemens von Metternichattempted to create a new European system centered on the 4 major powers of Europe in order to create a system with a balance of power, but the Germans with nationalistic aspirations had a problem with this because it subjugated the Germans to dominion of Austria.Johann Gottfried Herder:(1744-1803) Coined the term Volkgeist, which was the unique spirit intrinsic to all Germans and promoted nationalism.Johann Gottlieb Fichte:“Addresses to the German Nation” in 1806-1807. These were reactions to Napoleon’s occupation of Berlin. He said the German people had mythological, invisible 
bondsand showed a creative mythology of an anachronistic German past and history.

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