oThese convictions surface when people interact with one another and the universal intent with which they hold their beliefs becomes obvious. This happens particularly when disagreements arise. oFor example, when a person tries to cut in line at a store’s checkout counter, people in the back of the line do not normally react as if their views about the matter are personal and private. Typically, they feel some urge to react negatively as if a universal rule has been broken. -Neutrality normally is conceived of as a state in which a person is completely undecided about key issues, holds no convictions, and is unwilling to support any sidein a conflict or disagreement. -Objectivity, on the other hand, represents a goal that, to some degree, is attainable. It relates to fairness, evenhandedness, and an open mind that attempts to gain understanding of others’ views prior to assessment. Making progress toward objectivity requires a willingness to listen carefully, an ability to suppress personal biases and prejudices, and a concern for justice. oFor example, a person who does not believe that God exists is not neutral at all with respect to this central worldview assumption. The same person, however, may believe that humans who believe in God should be free to gather each week in order to worship him. This person is not neutral with respect to worldview commitments, but he or she remains objective enough torecognize that those who disagree should be granted the freedom to assemble and other freedoms necessary to live out their convictions.
-Elements of a WorldviewoUltimate realityrefers to the absolute, supreme, and final person, power, principle, or substance underlying the universe. Conceptions of ultimate reality vary widely, but there are three fundamental ways of defining what is ultimately real:A personal god or godsAn impersonal force or principleNothing exists beyond the present space-matter-time-energy continuuma person may assume that nothing exists beyond the physical world. Another person may assume that something exists beyond the physical world as a spiritual reality, but that “something” is not personal or relational. Rather, it is a pervasive force or spiritual essence that pervades the universe. Finally, an individual may believe that something, or rather, someone who is personal exists beyond the physical world. oNature of the Universe: A second major element of worldviews stems from questions about the world that humans inhabit. understandings about the relationship between the physical universe and ultimate reality deeply shape convictions about the nature and purpose of the world. Also, it is important to consider whether the universe is a closed system or an open system that can be influenced significantly by the spiritual world? One possible response envisions a world that is merelyphysical in the sense that nothing exists beyond the material universe.